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Boris Gelfand
Number of games in database: 2,594
Years covered: 1982 to 2015
Last FIDE rating: 2747 (2724 rapid, 2743 blitz)
Highest rating achieved in database: 2777
Overall record: +510 -269 =1049 (56.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      766 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Indian (119) 
    E12 E15 E17 E16 E13
 Semi-Slav (114) 
    D45 D47 D46 D43 D44
 Slav (113) 
    D15 D17 D10 D11 D12
 King's Indian (108) 
    E92 E94 E97 E98 E73
 Queen's Gambit Declined (85) 
    D37 D38 D31 D39 D30
 Catalan (78) 
    E06 E04 E05 E01 E09
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (404) 
    B90 B92 B23 B30 B96
 Sicilian Najdorf (219) 
    B90 B92 B96 B93 B91
 Petrov (123) 
    C42 C43
 King's Indian (122) 
    E97 E60 E94 E81 E92
 Slav (90) 
    D12 D11 D17 D19 D10
 Semi-Slav (88) 
    D43 D45 D47 D44 D48
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Gelfand vs Shirov, 1998 1-0
   Mamedyarov vs Gelfand, 2011 0-1
   Gelfand vs Jobava, 2011 1-0
   Gelfand vs Kramnik, 1994 1-0
   Gelfand vs Adams, 2013 1-0
   Gelfand vs Anand, 2012 1/2-1/2
   Gelfand vs Aronian, 2013 1-0
   Gelfand vs Anand, 1993 1-0
   Gelfand vs Anand, 2012 1-0
   Nakamura vs Gelfand, 2013 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   FIDE World Championship Knockout Tournament (2001)
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (2007)
   Anand - Gelfand World Chess Championship (2012)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Rubinstein Memorial (2000)
   Rising Stars - Experience (2010)
   Pamplona Tournament (2004)
   FIDE World Cup (2005)
   World Cup (2009)
   Bermuda Round Robin (2004)
   FIDE Grand Prix Paris (2013)
   FIDE Grand Prix London (2012)
   FIDE Jermuk Grand Prix (2009)
   Enghien-les-Bains (2003)
   Pivdenny Bank Chess Cup (2008)
   Karen Asrian Memorial (2008)
   Pivdenny Bank Chess Cup (2007)
   20th Amber Tournament (Blindfold) (2011)
   Olympiad (2008)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Gelfand! by amadeus
   Gelfand's Games 4 Study by jakaiden
   Boris Gelfand: My Most Memorable Games by Resignation Trap
   English: Boris Gelfand Collection by chess.master
   Boris in the najdorf by deepthinker
   Najdorf - 6. Be3 by pcmvtal
   USSR Championship 1989 by suenteus po 147

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Boris Gelfand
Search Google for Boris Gelfand
FIDE player card for Boris Gelfand

(born Jun-24-1968, 46 years old) Belarus (citizen of Israel)

[what is this?]
IM (1987); GM (1989); Soviet Junior Champion (1985); European Junior Champion (1989); Olympiad Gold Medalist (1990); World Cup winner (2009); Candidate (1991, 1994, 2002 (Dortmund - PCA), 2007, 2011 and 2013); World Championship Challenger (2012).


Boris Gelfand was born in Minsk in Belarus (formerly part of the USSR), and emigrated to Israel in 1998 where he currently resides.


<Age> Gelfand won the Junior Championship of the Soviet Union with 9/11 in January 1985, at the age of 16, a half point ahead of Vassily Ivanchuk. He came =1st (2nd on count back to Joel Lautier) in the World Junior Championship in 1988 and became European Junior Champion in 1989.

<World> In 1990, Gelfand won the Manila Interzonal to qualify as a Candidate for the 1993 World Championship. At the 1991 Candidates, he prevailed over Predrag Nikolic, but was then defeated in the quarter final by eventual Candidates winner and championship challenger Nigel Short. He qualified for the FIDE 1994 Candidates event by winning the last Interzonal in Biel, beating Michael Adams and Vladimir Kramnik only to lose to Anatoly Karpov in the finals.

Gelfand competed in all the knockout tournaments that either determined the World Championship, or was part of the World Championship cycle apart from the 2004 tournament in Tripoli. In the knockout tournament that was held in Groningen in 1997, he defeated Lautier in round three, where he was seeded directly because of his results in the last FIDE cycle, and then beat Vladislav Tkachiev and Alexey Dreev before bowing out to the winner of the tournament, Viswanathan Anand. In the world championship knockout tournament of 1999 held in Las Vegas, Gelfand was seeded into the second round where he defeated Jonathan Speelman, and then beat Lautier in round three before losing to the eventual winner, Alexander Khalifman. In 1999 in New Delhi, he was again seeded into round 2 where he defeated Emir Dizdarevic, and then Jeroen Piket in round three before he was defeated by Alexey Shirov in round four. In the 2001-02 knockout tournament held in Moscow, Gelfand lost to Peter Svidler in round 5 after defeating Alexis Cabrera, Leinier Dominguez Perez, Aleksander Delchev and Zurab Azmaiparashvili. He played in the 8-player 2002 Dortmund Tournament, which was the Candidates for the Classical World Chess Championship match in 2004, but failed to reach the semi-finals after coming third in the quadrangular round robin preliminary round.

Gelfand finished 6th at the FIDE World Cup (2005), which produced 10 Candidates for the 2007 Candidates tournament, defeating Watu Kobese, Ruben Felgaer, Levan Pantsulaia, and Dreev in the preliminary rounds. In the two rounds of matches at the 2007 Candidates, Gelfand won both the Candidates Match: Gelfand - Kasimdzhanov (2007) and the Candidates Match: Gelfand - Kamsky (2007) to qualify for the FIDE World Championship Tournament (2007) in Mexico City, where he tied for second with Kramnik, a point behind the winner, Anand. Subsequently, he won the World Cup (2009) by defeating Judit Polgar, the then reigning World Junior Champion Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Dmitry Jakovenko, and Sergey Karjakin to reach the final, where he then faced former FIDE World Champion Ruslan Ponomariov, winning the match 7-5 in a playoff. In doing so he qualified for the World Championship Candidates (2011) for another shot at the World Championship in 2012. He played and defeated Shakhriyar Mamedyarov by 2.5-1.5 (+1 =3 -0) in the first round of the World Championship Candidates (2011), moving into the semi final where defeated Gata Kamsky in the tiebreaker; the result was 2-2 (+0 -0 =4) in the classical games, 2-2 (+1 -1 =2) in the rapid tiebreaker, and 1.5-0.5 in his favour in the blitz tiebreaker. He faced Alexander Grischuk in the final match, and after five draws, Gelfand won the sixth and final game thus gaining the right to challenge Viswanathan Anand for the world crown. The Anand - Gelfand World Chess Championship (2012) was played in Moscow in May 2012, and Gelfand lost in the rapid game tiebreaker 1.5-2.5 (-1 =3) after drawing the 12 games played under classical time controls 6-6 (+1 -1 =10). As the loser in the World Championship match, he qualified to play in the World Championship Candidates (2013) in London, where he placed a rating-enhancing 5th with 6.5/14 (+2 -3 =9).

Gelfand’s results in the FIDE Grand Prix 2008-2010 were modest, coming 11th. His 2014 World Championship campaign started well when he placed =1st alongside Veselin Topalov and Shakhriyar Mamedyarov at the FIDE Grand Prix London (2012), scoring 7/11 (+4 -1 =6; TPR 2836) and netting GP 140 points from the event. However, his 10th place out of 12 placement at the FIDE Grand Prix Tashkent (2012) and his =9th at the FIDE Grand Prix Beijing (2013) eliminated him for the contest for the top two in the Grand Prix series, and attendant qualification into the 2014 Candidates Tournament. However, a strongly motivated player, Gelfand placed =1st (2nd on tiebreak) at the FIDE Grand Prix Paris (2013) alongside Fabiano Caruana to place 4th in the Grand Prix series with 325 points.

He had another chance to qualify for the Candidates via the World Cup (2013) to which he qualified by rating; he defeated Bangladeshi GM Ziaur Rahman in the first round, Uzbek GM Anton Filippov in the 2nd round and Ukrainian GM Alexander Moiseenko in the third round. However, he was eliminated by eventual semi-finalist French GM Maxime Vachier-Lagrave in the Round of 16 (round 4), reversing the same result against the same player in the same round of the World Cup of 2009.

Qualifying by rating for the 2014-15 Grand Prix Series portion of the 2016 World Championship cycle, Gelfand was =1st alongside Fabiano Caruana with 6.5/11 in the first leg of the Series, namely the FIDE Grand Prix Baku (2014). This earned Gelfand 155 GP points. In the second leg, the FIDE Grand Prix Tashkent (2014), Gelfand suffered a lapse of form, placing =11th and earning only an extra 15 GP points. Nevertheless he is still in contention for one of the coveted top positions that will qualify for the Candidates Tournament of 2015.


Gelfand has an imposing tournament record dating back to the late 80s. He won or came =1st at Klajpeda 1988, Majorca (GMA) 1989, Moscow 1992, Wijk aan Zee 1992, Manila 1993, Chalkidiki 1993, Biel 1993, Dos Hermanas 1994, Debrecen and Belgrade in 1995, Vienna and Tilburg in 1996, Polanica Zdroj in 1998 and 2000, and Malmö in 1999. He also won at Pamplona Tournament (2004). In 2005, he was =1st with Pentala Harikrishna at the Bermuda International (2005) and 1st at 38th Biel Chess Festival (2005). In 2010 he was in the Experience Team that narrowly lost against the Rising Stars at the Rising Stars - Experience (2010), although he top scored in the tournament with 7/10. He also won outright first with 7/10 at the 2010 NH Tournament in the Netherlands.

Other strong results include 2nd at Linares 1990, 3rd at Tilburg 1990, 3rd at the Reggio Emilia of 1991/92, 2nd in the category 16 tournament in Munich 1993, 3rd at Dortmund in 1996, 2nd in the 14th Dr Milan Vidmar Memorial tournament in Slovenia, 3rd at Biel 2001, 2nd at the category 18 tournament in Cannes in 2002 behind Topalov, =3rd at Dortmund Sparkassen (2006), and 4th at the Tal Memorial (2006) a half point behind joint leaders, Ponomariov, Peter Leko and Levon Aronian. In 2009, he came 2nd behind Ivanchuk at Bazna Tournament (2009). Also in 2010, he came 2nd in the King's Tournament (2010) behind Magnus Carlsen. In the lead up to his World Championship contest with Anand, Gelfand competed at the category 21 Tata Steel (2012) tournament at Wijk aan Zee, finishing 9th out of 13, scoring 5/13 (+2 -5 =6; TPR 2675). In April/May 2013, he came =1st with 5.5/9 at the category 20 Alekhine Memorial (2013), coming 2nd on tiebreak behind Aronian and then went one better in June with an extraordinary outright win at the category 22 Tal Memorial (2013) - ahead of outright 2nd placed Magnus Carlsen - on the day before his 45th birthday. This result also raised his rating to a career high of 2773 in the July lists and returned him to the top 10.


Gelfand played in ten Chess Olympiads, representing the Soviet Union once (1990), Belarus twice (1994 and 1996), and Israel eight times (2000-2014). In 1990, he won the team gold medal playing board 2 for Soviet Union, in the Olympiad (2008) held in Dresden, he won the team silver medal and also individual silver medal playing board 1 for Israel and in the Chess Olympiad (2010) held in Khantiy Mansiysk, he won team bronze playing board 1 for Israel.


Gelfand is a team player and has participated in the German Bundesliga, and team championships in Israel, Spain, Poland, and Russia. He has also been part of the European Team Championships, the European Club Cup, the Russian Club Cup and the World Team Championships in 2005 and 2009. One of his best results was assisting his Moscow team ShSM-64 to win the Russian Team Championships (2010) with 16 out of a possible 18 match points. Playing for SHSM-64, he won team bronze at the 28th European Club Cup (2012) concluded in October 2012.


Outside of the world championship cycle, Gelfand has played matches in France against Etienne Bacrot in 2002 which he lost 2.5-3.5, and a drawn match (2-2) against David Navara in the Czech Republic in 2006.


Like most top players, Gelfand is a skilled rapid player. He was =1st with Kramnik in the rapid play section of the 2001 Amber event, and outright 1st in the 2002 edition of Amber's rapid play section. He came first in the 2002 Cap d'Agde, defeating Karpov in the final. In 2003, he defeated Polgar in the George Marx Rapid Match (2003) and in 2007, he came =1st at the Villa de Canada de Calatrava (2007), following up with =1st at the Pivdenny Bank Chess Cup (2008) in Odessa. He also won the 2009 ACP World Rapid Cup (2009) with a 3-1 win over Svidler in the finals and won the Leko - Gelfand Match (2010) rapid match in Hungary by 4.5-3.5. Most recently, he defeated Aronian in the Leon Rapid (2010) and made the final of the London Chess Classic (Knockout) (2013). However in July, he lost a rapid match to Svidler by 3-5.


Gelfand rating as of 1 February 2015 is:

<Standard> 2747, and is therefore Israel's top player and #15 in the world;

<Rapid> 2724 (world #25); and

<Blitz> 2743 (world #25).


In 2005, Gelfand published a book titled My Most Memorable Games.

Interview: Part 1 -; Part 2 - and Part 3 - Live rating list: Extended biography of Gelfand at the official FIDE 2012 World Championship website: Article by the Indian Express dated 6 May 2012:

Last updated 5 Feb 2015

 page 1 of 104; games 1-25 of 2,594  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Gelfand vs Veremeichik 0-147 1982 MinskE12 Queen's Indian
2. Gelfand vs Veremeichik  1-059 1983 BLR-chA46 Queen's Pawn Game
3. B Maryasin vs Gelfand 1-066 1983 BLR-chB95 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6...e6
4. Gelfand vs V Litvinov  1-037 1983 BLR-chB93 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4
5. S Yuferov vs Gelfand  1-054 1983 BLR-chA54 Old Indian, Ukrainian Variation, 4.Nf3
6. V Dydyshko vs Gelfand  1-041 1983 BLR-chE94 King's Indian, Orthodox
7. Gelfand vs B Malisov  1-056 1983 BLR-chB07 Pirc
8. P Korzubov vs Gelfand 0-157 1983 BLR-chB93 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4
9. Gelfand vs A Kovalev  0-138 1983 BLR-chB62 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer
10. B Itkis vs Gelfand  1-040 1983 BLR-chA48 King's Indian
11. Gelfand vs Ulibin 1-030 1985 YurmalaC03 French, Tarrasch
12. Gelfand vs Glek  ½-½32 1985 tE73 King's Indian
13. T Tabatadze vs Gelfand  ½-½55 1985 LeningradB87 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin with ...a6 and ...b5
14. M Golubev vs Gelfand ½-½49 1985 KlaipedaB87 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin with ...a6 and ...b5
15. Gelfand vs Ivanchuk ½-½19 1985 USSRC05 French, Tarrasch
16. S Temirbaev vs Gelfand  1-053 1985 URSE76 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack
17. L Janjghava vs Gelfand  ½-½17 1986 URSD93 Grunfeld, with Bf4 & e3
18. Smirin vs Gelfand  ½-½32 1986 USSRB90 Sicilian, Najdorf
19. Gelfand vs A Ryskin  1-034 1986 MinskB63 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack
20. Khalifman vs Gelfand  ½-½23 1986 It (cat.9)E94 King's Indian, Orthodox
21. Gelfand vs Balashov  ½-½54 1986 Gelfand,B; Kapengut,AD26 Queen's Gambit Accepted
22. K Movsziszian vs Gelfand 1-058 1986 MinskB87 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin with ...a6 and ...b5
23. Gelfand vs Mikhalchishin  1-038 1986 MinskE12 Queen's Indian
24. Ulibin vs Gelfand ½-½46 1986 Sochi (Russia)B93 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4
25. Gelfand vs A Ryskin  1-033 1986 MinskB63 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack
 page 1 of 104; games 1-25 of 2,594  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Gelfand wins | Gelfand loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 32 OF 32 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eyal: <Part 2> I asked him about opening preparation, specifically with regard to the rather common occurrence nowadays of players saying after games that they forgot their preparation or got confused, etc. Gelfand said that it has a lot to do with a certain aspect of the use of computers: in the "old days", when players had to work out everything by themselves, the stuff was better engraved into their memories; a computer allows you to analyze faster, deeper, and more accurately, but because you don't really do all the work yourself, you're more prone to mistakes and confusions over the board when you have to use your home analysis. Because of that, as well as the sheer number of variations one needs to prepare, a huge amount of time and energy is consumed by the memorization of lines, and this is the least enjoyable part of the work on chess. He added that he and many other top players recognize this as a serious problem and try to think of ways to deal with it more productively.

I mentioned Carlsen's approach (systematically avoiding main & hyper-analyzed lines, etc.) as a possible alternative direction. In this context, Gelfand made a distinction between players with "analytic" vs. "practical" approach to the opening. For players of the first kind, exemplified by Kasparov & Kramnik (with all the differences between their styles of play), the game begins at move 1 and it's very important for them to try and find all the "correct" moves and get an advantage out of the opening, if possible. Players of the second kind, like Karpov or Carlsen, don't worry so much about that and settle for almost any playable position out of the opening that would allow them to develop a game suited to their style. Gelfand sees himself as a more analytic type of player.

Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: <As reasons for not caring much about tournament tiebreaks, he mentioned the usual argument from history ("20 years from now, no one will remember...")>

This argument is reversible: 20 years from now, no one will remember that someone shared first with the declared winner :D.

Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <alexmagnus>... troublemaker at large.


Jan-16-14  achieve: <Eyal> Very interesting and informative interview with good old Gelfy - thanks for that "translation." Wish I could read your blog. ;)
Jan-17-14  shivasuri4: <Eyal>, thanks for posting the interview details in English!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Check It Out: Good stuff, <Eyal>!
Mar-22-14  RedShield: Boris, that wig is ridiculous:
Mar-22-14  Petrosianic: <alexmagnus> <This argument is reversible: 20 years from now, no one will remember that someone shared first with the declared winner :D.>

Reversible, but likely untrue. People will remember a century from now.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Detractors of Carlsen will remember that outcome, so long as chess exists.
May-04-14  zluria: When is Gelfand's next tournament?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Happy 46th birthday to Super GM Boris Gelfand!
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Grandmasters Boris Gelfand (2725) and Peter Svidler (2793) will play a Rapid Chess match of 8 games on July 20-24 2014 in Jerusalem, Israel.

The match, open to the general public, is the highlight of the 2nd Gideon Japhet Memorial Open Chess Tournament, to take place in Jerusalem on July 16-24. The tournament is organized by the Jeruchess Club of Jerusalem and the Japhet family represented by Gilad Japhet, CEO of The tournament has been named Chess Event of the Year in Israel by GM Ram Soffer on the homepage of the Israel Chess Federation.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Confirmation that Gelfand won't play in Tehran, but Svidler will, as will all the AGON/presidential nominees:

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: "In 2012 Boris Gelfand reached the peak of his career by playing against Anand for the World Championship. He narrowly lost the match in the rapid-tie-break.

Gelfand's father has meticulously recorded the career of his son in 61 photo albums. These pictures inspired the documentary <"Album 61"> which now is shown at the Filmfest Hamburg in Germany."

Full text with <Album 61> trailer:

Sep-29-14  john barleycorn: My 61 memorable pictures?
Oct-09-14  fisayo123: Boris is as good as he's ever been. Very impressive. :)
Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: <Album 61> is a fraud. The real documentary is <Album 60>.
Oct-13-14  Conrad93: It's weird how Gelfand's best years are in his forties.
Oct-13-14  N0B0DY: and facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored.
Oct-14-14  fisayo123: FIDE Grand Prix London 2012 : joint winner

FIDE Grand Prix Paris 2013 : joint winner

Tal Memorial 2013 : winner

FIDE Grand Prix Baku 2014 : joint winner

All in the space of 2 years (age 44-46). Very impressive from Gelfand.

Oct-14-14  JimNorCal: From this week's (issue 1040) The Week In Chess: "The FIDE Grand Prix in Baku is set for a close finish with Fabiano Caruana and Boris Gelfand leading by half a point going into the final round."

What the hey? How can this guy be so good at this advanced age?

I join those who add him to that select group of players like Korchnoi and Lasker who maintained their strength.

Oct-29-14  SirRuthless: It is easy to see the effects of this schedule on Boris. He goes from winning the last event and then suddenly his game is deteriorating. I doubt he would even be playing this event had FIDE not manipulated the players who couldn't play the Iran GP date into playing this ridiculous schedule. It is even more outrageous that due to the Iranian GM's refusal to play with Boris, that the Iran GP event has been canceled and moved to Georgia without the players who signed on to this oppressive schedule being given the opportunity to select the Georgia event instead of playing 22 games in roughly 30 days. Shame on FIDE!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Absentee: <It is even more outrageous that due to the Iranian GM's refusal to play with Boris, that the Iran GP event has been canceled and moved to Georgia without the players who signed on to this oppressive schedule being given the opportunity to select the Georgia event instead of playing 22 games in roughly 30 days.>


Is this the actual reason or your speculation?

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <It is even more outrageous that due to the Iranian GM's refusal to play with Boris, that the Iran GP event has been canceled and moved to Georgia without the players who signed on to this oppressive schedule being given the opportunity to select the Georgia event instead of playing 22 games in roughly 30 days. Shame on FIDE!>

Eight players had to play both Tashkent and Baku. The transfer of the third leg to Georgia from Iran is immaterial in that regard. I trust you aren't suggesting that Gelfand deserves special treatment on the grounds of age or ethnicity.

Mar-25-15  TheFocus: <A lot of these ideas are built under wrong presumptions which officials have that chess players are lazy bastards whose sole idea is to deceive (the) public and to make short draws and go home. It's not true. It's a lie. (On the Sofia Corsica rule)> - Boris Gelfand.
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