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Adolf Anderssen
Number of games in database: 794
Years covered: 1844 to 1878

Overall record: +416 -311 =65 (56.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Evans Gambit (105) 
    C51 C52
 King's Gambit Accepted (92) 
    C39 C33 C38 C37 C34
 Ruy Lopez (48) 
    C77 C65 C70 C61 C63
 French Defense (26) 
    C01 C13 C11 C14 C10
 Sicilian (22) 
    B20 B45 B21 B43 B40
 Two Knights (15) 
    C59 C58 C55 C57
With the Black pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (90) 
    C33 C37 C39 C38
 Ruy Lopez (68) 
    C65 C67 C60 C77 C64
 Evans Gambit (63) 
    C51 C52
 Giuoco Piano (42) 
    C54 C50 C53
 Sicilian (35) 
    B40 B23 B20 B44 B42
 King's Pawn Game (24) 
    C44 C40 C20
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 1-0
   Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1852 1-0
   J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1863 0-1
   Anderssen vs Zukertort, 1869 1-0
   Mayet vs Anderssen, 1859 0-1
   Anderssen vs Zukertort, 1865 1-0
   Anderssen vs B Suhle, 1860 1-0
   J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1862 0-1
   Anderssen vs Morphy, 1858 1-0
   Anderssen vs Paulsen, 1873 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Anderssen - Harrwitz (1848)
   London (1851)
   Anderssen - Kolisch (1861)
   Anderssen - Paulsen (1862)
   Aachen, 7th congress WDS (1868)
   Baden-Baden (1870)
   Anderssen - Morphy (1858)
   Anderssen - Steinitz (1866)
   Leipzig (1877)
   Vienna (1873)
   Paris (1878)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Anderssen! by chessgain
   Match Anderssen! by amadeus
   Anderssen - Blackburne - Charousek - Fredthebear by fredthebear
   Anderssen!! by Garre
   Kings Gambit by Nodreads
   The Chess Champions (Romantic Era) by Owl
   1475-1860's Italians to New Orleans Native Son by fredthebear
   Anderssen, Blackburne, Charousek by monet11
   attack_1900 by heuristic
   Vienna 1873 by suenteus po 147
   Vienna 1873 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Leipzig 1877, The Anderssen-Feier by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Leipzig 1877, The Anderssen-Feier by Calli
   Selected 19th century games by atrifix

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Adolf Anderssen
Search Google for Adolf Anderssen

(born Jul-06-1818, died Mar-13-1879, 60 years old) Germany

[what is this?]

Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen was born in Breslau. He was one of the strongest players of his day and was regarded by some to be the World Champion after his victory in the London (1851) tournament.1,2 He lost this honor in the Anderssen - Morphy (1858) match. One year later, however, Paul Morphy retired from international chess, and Anderssen was able to regain his reputation as the world's leading player, drawing Ignatz von Kolisch in Paris 1860 (+5 -5 =1),3 and winning the Anderssen - Kolisch (1861) match in London (+4 -3 =2). Anderssen also won the London International 1862 over Louis Paulsen, who finished second.2 He subsequently drew him in the Anderssen - Paulsen (1862) match (+3 -3 =2). In 1866, Anderssen narrowly lost a match with Wilhelm Steinitz (+6 -8 =0). He scored his final great success by winning the Baden-Baden (1870) tournament, ahead of Steinitz and Joseph Henry Blackburne. 4

Anderssen is regarded as the quintessential Romantic, and his sacrificial brilliancies such as The Immortal Game (Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851) and The Evergreen Game (Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1852) have stood the test of time.

Anderssen died of a heart attack at the age of 60. During World War II, bombing raids on his hometown damaged his grave.

Anderssen also played consultation chess on the teams of Adolf Anderssen / Johannes Zukertort / Dr C. Schmid, Adolf Anderssen / Allies, Anderssen / Stern, Anderssen / Goring / Allies & Adolf Anderssen / Bernhard Horwitz / Josef Kling.


1 Wikipedia article: Adolf Anderssen




Last updated: 2016-09-18 07:53:54

 page 1 of 32; games 1-25 of 794  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Seligo vs Anderssen 1-0281844BreslauC26 Vienna
2. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 0-1321845BreslauC38 King's Gambit Accepted
3. Von Der Lasa vs Anderssen 1-0211845BreslauC44 King's Pawn Game
4. Von Der Lasa vs Anderssen 1-0481845BreslauC39 King's Gambit Accepted
5. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 1-0291845BreslauB01 Scandinavian
6. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 0-1341846BreslauC58 Two Knights
7. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 0-1281846BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
8. Von Der Lasa vs Anderssen 0-1201846BreslauB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
9. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 1-0321848Anderssen - HarrwitzC44 King's Pawn Game
10. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-1501848Anderssen - HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
11. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-1361848Anderssen - HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
12. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-1261848Anderssen - HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
13. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 1-0281848Anderssen - HarrwitzB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
14. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 0-1301848Anderssen - HarrwitzB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
15. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 0-1341848Anderssen - HarrwitzD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
16. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 1-0371848Anderssen - HarrwitzC54 Giuoco Piano
17. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-1381848Blindfold exhibition gameC39 King's Gambit Accepted
18. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 0-1551848Anderssen - HarrwitzC01 French, Exchange
19. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 1-0171848Anderssen - HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
20. Salpius vs Anderssen 1-0371849BerlinC52 Evans Gambit
21. N Nathan vs Anderssen 0-1221850BerlinC39 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Anderssen vs Dufresne 0-1321851BerlinC39 King's Gambit Accepted
23. Anderssen vs Loewenthal 0-1521851London MatchC42 Petrov Defense
24. Anderssen vs A Simons  1-0271851LondonC39 King's Gambit Accepted
25. Anderssen vs K Mayerhofer 1-0481851LondonC01 French, Exchange
 page 1 of 32; games 1-25 of 794  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Anderssen wins | Anderssen loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 8 OF 8 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-23-15  mcgee: >>A question for chess historians and Anderssen fans: Do you think Anderssen's style changed after Morphy entered the scene in the late 1850's? Morphy was influential and changed the way the game was played but did Anderssen also change his style a bit?<< The general consensus is that he did change his style and start to study the game more seriously. Given that he had few if any bad results in his career other than the Morphy thrashing, it's easy to understand why people feel he might have given a better account of himself in the 1858 match had he studied properly and had plenty of match and tournament practice. The six-year hiatus was an impossible hurdle for him to overcome and he admitted as much.

Here's an Anderssen game against Steinitz from his tournament win at Baden-Baden in 1870 that I like a lot. It shows how finely his style had evolved - the tactics serve a purpose beyond the idea of a quick checkmate and are combined with excellent positional judgement. Anderssen vs Steinitz, 1870

Jan-23-15  mcgee: And another excellent game against Steinitz from their 1866 match. Again, Anderssen had played little or no serious chess after winning at London in 1862 which gives grounds to believe that Steinitz's narrow win (8-6, no draws) may have been reversed in different circumstances.

Steinitz vs Anderssen, 1866

Jan-23-15  mcgee: I mean an excellent positional game
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: This could go either in Morphy's or Anderssen's page. I put it here since I have a Berliner follow-up:


— A Paris letter, says: "Mr. Morphy may shortly pay a fiyixg visit to Berlin, for the purpose or playing a few games with Liege, Dafresne and Mayet.

Anderssen particularly requested him so-to do, to close the months of the Berliners.


<New York Daily-Tribune, Thursday Feb 3, 1859 p6>

And note that Anderssen was not a Berliner himself, though the foreign press often identified him as such.

For those interested in a little more about what comes out of the mouths of Berliners:


May-12-15  TheFocus: <It is ... impossible to keep one's excellence in a little glass casket, like a jewel, to take it out whenever wanted. On the contrary, it can only be conserved by continuous and good practice> - Adolph Anderssen.
May-15-15  TheFocus: <Attack! Always Attack!> - Adolf Anderssen.
Jul-06-15  ketchuplover: I hereby change his middle name to Attack.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Zanzibar: This could go either in Morphy's or Anderssen's page. I put it here since I have a Berliner follow-up: <

— A Paris letter, says: "Mr. Morphy may shortly pay a fiyixg visit to Berlin>

Flying visit.

Jul-06-15  choosea: > Randomness is scary! After watching this game, I immediately set up a 3m blitz between Morphy and Anderssen in Chessmaster: GM Edition (which is a great program).

The result left me shocked. After 8 seconds of thinking by Anderssen and 1(!) second by Morphy, they had reached the EXACT same game as here!

>> Morphy plays unofficial world champion Anderssen and blows him off the board.

>> 'Staunton ducked a match with Morphy'.

>> Morphy was simply much better than anyone else in the world.

Morphy vs Anderssen, 1858

Jul-06-15  ughaibu: Mcgee: supposedly Anderssen had the best tournament record before Lasker, but his match results weren't very good.
Aug-21-15  WTHarvey: A short, 'no ad' print edition copy of "Adolf Anderssen: 59 brilliancies from his chess games" is available at Find the winning moves.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Did you know that the German abbreviation Gmbh stands for Gambit Hotel?

Anderssen used to live there.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <offramp> Indeed Anderssen did, and he gave as good as he got while residing in that venue.
Jul-06-17  The Kings Domain: The master at nearly two centuries and the legacy lives on.
Jul-06-17  Nosnibor: Our player of the day did not fare so well against Der Lasa in informal matches. Losing 6-3 on known games. Mention of this was made by Staunton in his book of the 1851 Chess Tournament.
Jul-06-17  Olavi: has 21 von der Lasa - Anderssen games, AA scoring 7 points. It is not at all clear whether Stunton should be considered number one pre-1851.
Jul-06-17  Nosnibor: <Olavi> I agree with your suggestion and based on limited information probably von der Lasa was the strongest having beaten Anderssen during informal games and also beating Staunton in an informal match in 1853 Because of his duties as an ambassador der Lasa only had limited time to play and was due to play in the 1851 Tournament but was unable to enter owing to these duties.
Jul-06-17  vermapulak: As per wiki :-

He played several matches and defeated the strongest masters in the period 1843–1853. He won against Henry Thomas Buckle 2-1 (1843), Adolf Anderssen 4-2 (1845), Johann Löwenthal 6-1 (1846), John William Schulten 4-1 (1850), Anderssen 10-5 (1851), and Howard Staunton 7-6 (1853).

Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: Anderssen is one of the greatest chess players ever! If nothing else, his originality came to the fore-front

I regret not posting here sooner. A more admirable and humble man than Anderssen is hard to find

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: This great player would have been 200 years old today! I love his great Gothic games, with craggy pawn structures and kings wandering around like demented grandfathers.

Two hundred years already, eh?

The way time passes.

Premium Chessgames Member
  ChessHigherCat: < I love his great Gothic games, with craggy pawn structures and kings wandering around like demented grandfathers?>

Demented grandfathers wandering around in crappy gowns, show a little respect!

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Edward Winter has these Steinitz quotes, taken from his <International Chess Magazine>:

<February 1885, page 46:
‘When I first met Anderssen in 1862, he spoke in the highest possible terms of Morphy. ... In 1866 I had another conversation with Anderssen about Morphy. The professor had much cooled down in his enthusiasm, and he did not seem to think that Morphy could always have beaten him for certain. My own impression is that Anderssen, who could not play a single game blindfold, was at first overawed by Morphy’s wonderful sans voir performances, and he overworked himself by calculations out of his real depth. But he subsequently found that he could hold his own against blindfold players like Blackburne, Paulsen, Suhle and Zukertort, by relying on his natural fine judgment, and then he began to doubt whether his fear was based on real grounds.>
Paul Morphy (kibitz #6932)

Is it really conceivable that Anderssen couldn't play even one game blindfold? Can anyone identify a game, occasion or source to the contrary?

Steinitz has the reputation of being a skilled and careful writer, so there doesn't appear to be much, if any, wiggle room.

Oct-20-18  nok: <Steinitz has the reputation of being a skilled and careful writer> lol lol
Oct-21-18  Jean Defuse: ...

<MissScarlett: ... Is it really conceivable that Anderssen couldn't play even one game blindfold? Can anyone identify a game, occasion or source to the contrary?>

Blind games by Anderssen are very rare, but <Steinitz's quote isn't true!> ... - an example of Anderssen's 'sans voir skills' was given on page 13. at Bird's book 'Chess Masterpiece':


Harrwitz vs Anderssen, 1848


Comments by Henry Edward Bird:

20. Ng3 [Well played.]

25. Qg5 [If the Knight is taken by 25. exf6 the piece can be regained with Qe3+.]

29... Ne3 [Ingenious and perfectly sound, in fact, practically deciding the game in Anderssen favor. This interesting and excellent game, played by both without sight of board and men, would be considered a masterpiece if played by any two players with the board and men before them.]


Another game was published at the 'Schachzeitung 1849 Vol 4' on page 141 (both played sans voir):

[Event "Blindfold Game"]
[Site "Breslau"]
[Date "1849.??.??"]
[White "Schlesinger"]
[Black "Anderssen, Adolf"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C02"]

1. e4 d5 2. e5 e6 3. d4 c5 4. c3 Qb6 5. Nf3 Nc6 6. Qb3 cxd4 7. Qxb6 axb6 8. cxd4 Nb4 9. Na3 Bd7 10. Be2 Rxa3 11. bxa3 Nc2+ 12. Kd2 Nxa1 13. Bb2 Ne7 14. Bd3 Nc8 15. Rxa1 b5 16. Ne1 Nb6 17. Nc2 Be7 18. f4 O-O 19. Nb4 f6 20. Rf1 Nc4+ 21. Kc3 fxe5 22. fxe5 Ra8 23. Bc1 Nxa3 24. Rf3 Rc8+ 25. Kb3 Rxc1 26. Kxa3 Rc3+ 27. Kb2 Bxb4 28. Bxh7+ Kxh7 29. Rxc3 Bxc3+ 30. Kxc3 Kg6 0-1


Eliot Hearst & John Knott - Blindfold Chess, p. 29:

'Anderssen occasionally played blindfold chess, and once he played against the sighted Kieseritzky at Simpson’s Divan in The Strand, London, in June of 1851, just after he had beaten Kieseritzky in the first round of the international tournament. Kieseritzky gave a pawn handicap and allowed Anderssen the white pieces and two moves at the start of the game. Perhaps Kieseritzky felt he had achieved a measure of revenge after his loss in the regular tournament, because he won this struggle despite the odds he gave. On the other hand, Anderssen played blindfolded while Kieseritzky did not.'


Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I'm wondering whether he suffered - if that's the word - from mandibular prognathism. That's some chin on him!
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