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Geza Maroczy
Maroczy 
 
Number of games in database: 871
Years covered: 1893 to 1947

Overall record: +364 -141 =347 (63.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 19 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (87) 
    C87 C66 C67 C84 C78
 Four Knights (56) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (52) 
    C01 C11 C02 C10 C14
 Queen's Pawn Game (29) 
    D02 D05 A46 D04 D00
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (25) 
    C87 C84 C97 C91 C96
 French (20) 
    C11 C10 C12 C00 C13
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (101) 
    C01 C14 C11 C13 C00
 Orthodox Defense (62) 
    D63 D55 D60 D67 D50
 French (46) 
    C11 C13 C00 C12 C10
 Sicilian (37) 
    B40 B45 B22 B43 B20
 Queen's Pawn Game (37) 
    D02 D00 D05 D04 A45
 Ruy Lopez (27) 
    C77 C84 C82 C80 C62
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Maroczy vs Chigorin, 1903 1-0
   L Forgacs vs Maroczy, 1902 0-1
   Maroczy vs H Suechting, 1905 1-0
   K Zambelly vs Maroczy, 1897 0-1
   Maroczy vs Vidmar, 1922 1-0
   Maroczy vs Marshall, 1907 1-0
   Charousek vs Maroczy, 1897 0-1
   G Marco vs Maroczy, 1899 0-1
   Vidmar vs Maroczy, 1932 1/2-1/2
   W A T Schelfhout vs Maroczy, 1920 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Ostend (1905)
   Vienna (1904/05) (1904)
   Vienna (1908)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   Monte Carlo (1903)
   Karlsbad (1907)
   Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905)
   Hastings 1923/24 (1923)
   Munich (1900)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   Paris (1900)
   London (1899)
   1st Trebitsch Memorial (1907)
   Vienna (1898)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   The Two Chess Careers of Geza Maroczy by Resignation Trap
   Vienna 1898 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Vienna 1898 by suenteus po 147
   Noteworthy Games by BAJones
   London 1899 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   London 1899 by suenteus po 147
   Monte Carlo 1903 by suenteus po 147
   Ostend 1905 by suenteus po 147
   Paris 1900 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   New York 1924 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Paris 1900 by suenteus po 147
   New York 1924 - Alekhine by vantheanh

GAMES ANNOTATED BY MAROCZY: [what is this?]
   Alekhine vs Yates, 1922
   H E Atkins vs Capablanca, 1922
   V L Wahltuch vs Capablanca, 1922
   J S Morrison vs Capablanca, 1922
   Capablanca vs D Marotti, 1922
   >> 68 GAMES ANNOTATED BY MAROCZY


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GEZA MAROCZY
(born Mar-03-1870, died May-29-1951, 81 years old) Hungary
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]

Géza Maróczy was born in Szeged.

Tournaments between 1894 and 1911

He won the Final Section of the 7th British Amateur Championship at Hastings, 1895. He reached 2nd place behind World Champion Dr. Emanuel Lasker at Nuremberg (1896) and again (shared) at London (1899). Maroczy won Vienna (1909) ahead of Carl Schlechter (1). He came in shared 3rd at Paris (1900) behind Dr. Lasker and Harry Nelson Pillsbury and tied for 1st at Munich (1900) but withdrew from the tie-breaks. He reached 1st place at Monte Carlo (1902) following up with a 2nd place behind Siegbert Tarrasch at Monte Carlo (1903) and again a win at Monte Carlo (1904). Maroczy also won Ostend (1905) and tied for 1st at Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905). Maroczy came in 2nd behind Akiba Rubinstein at Karlsbad (1907) and tied for 1st at Vienna (1908).

Tournaments between 1920 and 1936

Maroczy tied for 2nd behind Richard Reti at Amsterdam (1920). At Karlsbad (1923) he tied for 1st with Alexander Alekhine and Efim Bogoljubov. He came in 2nd at Scarborough (1930) and tied for 3rd at Dresden (1936). He won the 1926-27 Manhattan Chess Club championship.

World Championship Match Negotiations

In 1906 he agreed to terms for a World Championship match with Dr. Lasker, but there were political problems in Cuba, where the match was to be played. Furthermore, Maroczy failed to make the $500 deposit by the deadline and the negotiations ended.

General

Maróczy's chess career spanned from 1895 to 1911 and 1920 to 1936 with the break in between to allow for more time to be devoted to his profession as a mathematics teacher.

He served as a teacher for Dr. Max Euwe and Vera Menchik. FIDE awarded Maroczy the grandmaster title in 1950, the year of FIDE's official inception of that title, making him one of twenty-seven grandmasters at the time.

Today the Maroczy Bind (pawns on c4 and e4 against the Sicilian) carries his name.

notes: Geza occasionally played consultation chess on the teams of Geza Maroczy / Jackson Showalter, Em. Lasker / Maroczy, Geza Maroczy / Robert Rollans, Geza Maroczy / Abonyi / Sterk and Hoffer / Maroczy.

(1) http://www.edochess.ca/tournaments/...

Wikipedia article: Géza Maróczy


 page 1 of 35; games 1-25 of 871  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Charousek vs Maroczy 1-0221893casual gameB01 Scandinavian
2. Maroczy vs G Kanyurszky 1-0281893corrC50 Giuoco Piano
3. Maroczy vs G V R Exner 1-0241894BudapestC39 King's Gambit Accepted
4. Maroczy vs Lehner 1-0411894Budapest, HUNA02 Bird's Opening
5. Charousek vs Maroczy  ½-½401894BudapestC13 French
6. Maroczy vs G Makovetz 1-0321895BudapestC66 Ruy Lopez
7. G Makovetz vs Maroczy 0-1191895BudapestC22 Center Game
8. Charousek vs Maroczy 1-0211895BudapestC44 King's Pawn Game
9. Taraba vs Maroczy 0-1361895BudapestA13 English
10. Maroczy vs Charousek 0-1201895Budapest MatchC20 King's Pawn Game
11. Charousek vs Maroczy 0-1161895BudapestC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
12. Maroczy vs Charousek 1-0191895MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
13. Maroczy vs Charousek 0-1231895MatchC60 Ruy Lopez
14. Charousek vs Maroczy 1-0411895Budapest MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
15. Bird vs Maroczy 0-1301895Casual gameC00 French Defense
16. Maroczy vs Loman  1-0451895Hastings IIC11 French
17. Maroczy vs Wilfred Palmer  1-02518957th British Amateur-ChB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
18. Owen vs Maroczy 0-14118957th British Amateur-ChA04 Reti Opening
19. Maroczy vs Charousek 1-0271895BudapestC60 Ruy Lopez
20. Charousek vs Maroczy 1-0151895MatchC13 French
21. Maroczy vs Charousek 1-0341895Budapest MatchD66 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
22. Charousek vs Maroczy ½-½381895MatchB01 Scandinavian
23. Maroczy vs Charousek ½-½341895MatchC47 Four Knights
24. Charousek vs Maroczy ½-½421895MatchC13 French
25. Maroczy vs Charousek ½-½421895Budapest MatchA24 English, Bremen System with ...g6
 page 1 of 35; games 1-25 of 871  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Maroczy wins | Maroczy loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 8 OF 8 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-04-17  zanzibar: Seems that having no good Maroczy bio puts <Focus> in a bind.

(Somebody had to do it, and everybody else took a step backwards when they asked for volunteers.)

Mar-04-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <zanzibar> I am already staggering a full load of books to do.

YOU do Maroczy.

Mar-04-17  zanzibar: Who, moi?

Maybe you do, voodo, but I don't do.

(Heck, I'm still trying to get Junge's photo on <CG>)

* * * * *

Seriously though, his <CG> bio doesn't look half bad.

And a real book on him should be done by the pros, like a Harding. Surely, there must be such a work in Hungarian already, just needing a translation?

Until then, there's Kmoch's article:

<[Writing about Euwe learning about Maroczy's death...] With his passing the chess world lost another of those world masters whose fame started in the previous century. In Maróczy, however, the chess world lost more than a grandmaster and a fine gentleman. It lost the unchallenged champion of chivalry in chess.>

https://web.archive.org/web/2011060...

Mar-04-17  zanzibar: It's already been mentioned, but let's do it again:

<This [code chivalry] allows us to understand the sixty-one-year-old Maróczy’s decision, during the tournament at Bled in 1931, to challenge Nimzovitch to a pistol duel. It turned out to be much ado about nothing, though, when Nimzovitch flatly refused to participate in what he termed his own assassination. Maróczy was satisfied. To his way of thinking, refusal to accept such a challenge was, as a matter of honor, worse than being shot to death.>

from same article.

Mar-04-17  zanzibar: And lest one thinks chess history is different in some other multiverse:

<Yet Maróczy was hardly a warrior. He was, in fact, an extremely peaceful personality. I suspect that, had that duel actually taken place, Maróczy would have been hard put to decide which end of the pistol to hold.>

next paragraph.

Mar-08-17  sudoplatov: In my perusing the database for closed polygons, I found another triangle.

Maroczy beat Marshall 11-5-8
Marshall beat Pillsbury 5-4-2
Pillsbury beat Maroczy 4-3-7

Apr-06-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Maybe the best hair in chess history. Offhand, I can think of only one competitor - Paul Keres.
Apr-06-17  john barleycorn: <MissScarlett: Maybe the best hair in chess history. ...>

what about Anand and Rapport?

Jun-04-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Brooklyn Daily Eagle, October 12th 1911, Sporting Sec., p.2:

<Deutsche Schachblatter, the organ of the German Chess Association, is authority for the report that Geza Maroczy of Budapest, who has not figured in international chess for two years, contemplates coming to America and settling here. It appears he is dissatisfied with his treatment by the Hungarian coalition government, to which, as a school teacher in the intermediary grade, he applied for a 'subvention' to enable him to follow his profession as chess master. His determination to abandon his country of birth was further stregthened, it is stated in the German publication, by the recent suicide of his beautiful sister, whom he idolized.>

Helms overlooked that Maroczy had played San Sebastian (1911) a few months earlier, but that and an event in Budapest in 1912 were his only serious tournaments between 1908 and 1920. This line in his biography, <Maróczy's chess career spanned from 1895 to 1911 and 1920 to 1936 with the break in between to allow for more time to be devoted to his profession as a mathematics teacher>, is brief to the point of obscurity. In 1908, he was Lasker's most serious challenger; in 1920, he was like a stately shadow from the pre-war world.

Sep-20-17  RookFile: Gee, I'm a school teacher but I want to be allowed to run off and play in chess tournaments whenever I want. Too bad we all can't get an arrangement like that.
Mar-13-18  zanzibar: An interesting consult game, which played out a little longer than perhaps it should have (till 3AM):

https://zanchess.wordpress.com/2018...

A great photograph of Maroczy and various Manhattan CC members is included.

Mar-13-18  zanzibar: <A week's engagement booked by the Bulletin for Geza Maroczy at the Mechanics Institute chess rooms in SanFrancisco, for the week of April 30 to May 5, had, as a matter of course, to be canceled, and the Hungarian champion found time instead to go to New Orleans.>

ACB v3 N5 (May 1906) p82

Explaining how Maroczy ended up in New Orleans instead of San Francisco during his American tour.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1906_...

Jan-19-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Pyrandus: Maroczy was better than Portisch?
Jan-20-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  gezafan: <TheFocus: I believe that the chess world deserves to see a good biography and game collection done on Geza Maroczy, exploring his games and career.>

I agree. Maroczy was a very underrated player. Had he ever been able to play a match with Lasker he would have given him a tough time.

The Maroczy bind was named after him, a formation which is still frequently used today. Maroczy was also an expert in the French defense.

Mar-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Pyrandus: The Great Hungarian Champion.
Mar-03-19  Damenlaeuferbauer: Géza Maróczy, one of the great experts in the history of the French defense and queen's endings like the all-time greats Mikhail M. Botwinnik and Viktor L. Kortchnoi, played a very interesting and complicated correspondence chess game against V. L. Kortchnoi from the white side of the French Winawer Poison Pawn variation from 1985 to 1993. Unfortunately, at the end he lost a drawn position in a rook and pawns ending.
Mar-03-19  Momentum Man: I lost a blitz game with the Black pieces. My friend used the Maroczy bind to crush me like a bug.

It was unpleasant.

Mar-04-19  pazzed paun: Maroczy was dead before Korchnoi became a grandmaster
Mar-04-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: Maroczy / Rollans vs Korchnoi, 1985

nonsense of course, but amusing nonsense.

Mar-05-19  Momentum Man: "I agree. Maroczy was a very underrated player. "

Haha, Mr. "gezafan"!

I think you must be biased, as your user name indicates.

But of course, not too biased, since Mr. Maroczy is for sure underrated!

Notes by Alekhine in his book confirm that the 4th (official) World Champion had great respect for G.M.

Mar-06-19  JimNorCal: Ed Lasker, in his memoir Chess Secrets, says that Maroczy was considered World Champion material. So this seems to be a common opinion. I don't recall EL saying that about Sammy Reshevsky, for example.
Mar-06-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Robed.Bishop: <Momentum Man> Here's a decent video on the Maroczy Bind by Seirawan: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icJ... .

At least I thought it was decent...

Mar-06-19  Momentum Man: Thanks, Mr. Bishop! I will take a look at it when I am not at work (please don't tell my manager I am reading chessgames now 8)
May-20-19  hemy: Picture of Geza Maroczy, Ostende, 1905.

https://www.dropbox.com/s/5ga4hpbk5...

from the "Das Interessante Blatt",August 3, 1905, p. 9. The article about the tournament is on page 11.

https://www.dropbox.com/s/7h4efpdn9...

Small adjustments to the picture were made by me.

Jun-20-19  Grad: He is real Bobby Fischer.
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