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Max Euwe
Number of games in database: 1,685
Years covered: 1911 to 1981

Overall record: +834 -257 =529 (67.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 65 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (106) 
    D63 D50 D52 D51 D55
 Nimzo Indian (99) 
    E38 E32 E33 E39 E22
 French Defense (58) 
    C13 C12 C07 C11 C02
 Ruy Lopez (53) 
    C83 C86 C85 C78 C91
 King's Indian (49) 
    E60 E67 E62 E64 E68
 Queen's Gambit Declined (42) 
    D30 D31 D35 D06 D37
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (123) 
    C83 C77 C80 C68 C78
 Slav (76) 
    D12 D15 D17 D10 D19
 Sicilian (69) 
    B83 B56 B88 B59 B30
 Ruy Lopez, Open (60) 
    C83 C80 C82 C81
 King's Indian (51) 
    E60 E94 E61 E64 E76
 Queen's Pawn Game (50) 
    D02 A45 A46 D00 D04
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Geller vs Euwe, 1953 0-1
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Tartakower vs Euwe, 1948 0-1
   Euwe vs Najdorf, 1953 1-0
   Euwe vs Loman, 1923 1-0
   Euwe vs Reti, 1920 1-0
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Szabo vs Euwe, 1946 0-1
   Euwe vs Fischer, 1957 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Euwe, 1946 1/2-1/2

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Alekhine - Euwe World Championship Match (1935)
   Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937)
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Hastings 1923/24 (1923)
   Dutch Championship (1926)
   London Olympiad (1927)
   Dutch Championship (1929)
   Dutch Championship (1933)
   London B (1946)
   Zaanstreek (1946)
   NED-ch (1950)
   Maastricht (1946)
   Gothenburg B (1920)
   Berne (1932)
   Zurich (1934)
   Groningen (1946)
   Mar del Plata (1947)
   Stockholm Olympiad (1937)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Euwe (International)! by docjan
   Match Euwe (International)! by amadeus
   Euwe Owe Me by fredthebear
   Max Euwe - The Biography (Munninghoff) by Qindarka
   MAXimum Teacher Compiled by Garre by fredthebear
   Veliki majstori saha 18 EUWE (Marovic) by Chessdreamer
   World Champion - Euwe (I.Linder/V.Linder) by Qindarka
   My Games (Euwe) by Qindarka
   From My Games 1920 - 1937 by Benzol
   Max Euwe - From Steinitz to Fischer, Part 2 by Okavango
   Max Euwe - From Steinitz to Fischer, Part 2 by Chessdreamer
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by JoseTigranTalFischer
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by LionHeart40

GAMES ANNOTATED BY EUWE: [what is this?]
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1937

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Max Euwe
Search Google for Max Euwe

(born May-20-1901, died Nov-26-1981, 80 years old) Netherlands
[what is this?]

Machgielis (Max) Euwe was the fifth World Champion.

Early years

Euwe was born in Watergraafsmeer, then an independent municipality outside Amsterdam. His mother, Elizabeth van der Meer, taught him the moves when he was four. Euwe was a student of mathematics at Amsterdam University, where he graduated with honours in 1923, gaining his doctorate in 1926, after which he taught mathematics in Rotterdam and later in Amsterdam. His older brother was Willem Euwe.


Euwe won 102 tournaments during his career, squeezing them - and his other tournaments - into the little spare time he had during a busy professional career as a teacher, mathematician and lecturer, and while raising a family. His first international foray was in the Hastings Victory tournament after WW1 in the summer of 1919 where he placed fourth. He won the Dutch National Championship on five consecutive occasions in 1921, 1924, 1926, 1929 and 1933, and then on six more consecutive occasions in 1938, 1939, 1942, 1947, 1948 and 1952. His 12th win was in 1955; these 12 wins of the Dutch Championship are still a record, three wins ahead of the next most prolific winner, Jan Timman. Euwe was a regular competitor in the Hastings tournament, winning it thrice, in 1923-24, 1930-31, and 1934-35. In 1928, he became the Second World Amateur Champion after Hermanis Mattison (Paris 1924). Other important results in Euwe's career included a win at Wiesbaden 1925, placing second behind Alexander Alekhine at Berne 1932, second behind Alekhine (whom he beat) at Zurich 1934, second at Zandvoort 1936 behind Reuben Fine, third at Nottingham 1936, half a point behind Mikhail Botvinnik and Jose Raul Capablanca but ahead of Alekhine, first ex aequo at Amsterdam 1936 with Fine, first at Bad Nauheim-Stuttgart-Garmisch 1937, ahead of Alekhine, equal fourth with Alekhine and Samuel Reshevsky at AVRO 1938, first at Amsterdam-Hilversum-The Hague in 1939, and first at Budapest in 1940. After the Second World War, he came first in London in 1946 and had his best tournament result, second behind Botvinnik at Groningen in 1946, a result which contributed to his receiving an invitation to play in the FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948).


Soon after Euwe won the Dutch Championship for the first time in 1921, he played and drew a short match with Geza Maroczy with 2 wins, 8 draws, and 2 losses. He played and lost what amounted to a short training match with Alekhine in 1926-7, a few months before the Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927), by +2 =5 -3. In 1928, Euwe defeated Edgar Colle in a match with 5 wins and 1 draw. A few days later he played Efim Bogoljubov in a match and lost, scoring 2 wins, 5 draws, and 3 losses. After winning Hastings 1930-1 ahead of Capablanca, he played Capablanca in a match, but lost with 8 draws and 2 losses. Soon after his good result in Berne 1932, he drew a match with Salomon Flohr with 3 wins, 10 draws, and 3 losses. Later in 1932, Euwe won a training match with Rudolf Spielmann in 1932, with 2 wins and 2 draws, but lost another training match with Spielmann in 1935. He played a match with Paul Keres in The Netherlands in 1939-40, losing 6�-7� (+5 =3 -6). In 1941, Euwe traveled to Carlsbad and defeated Bogoljubov in a match with 5 wins, 3 draws, and 2 losses. He drew a match in 1949 with Vasja Pirc (+2, =6, -2) Euwe - Pirc (1949).

In 1957, Euwe played a short informal match against 14-year-old future world champion Robert James Fischer, winning one game and drawing the other. His lifetime score against Fischer was one win, one loss, and one draw.

World Championship

In 1935 Alexander Alekhine selected him as his opponent for the world title, the last time in which a challenger was selected until Garry Kasparov selected Vladimir Kramnik to challenge him for the Kasparov - Kramnik Classical World Championship Match (2000). The match was held in Amsterdam, The Hague, Delft, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Gouda, Groningen, Baarn, 's-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, Zeist, Ermelo, and Zandvoort, and played in 23 different venues. Euwe won the match (+9 =13 -8) on 15 December 1935 to become the fifth World Champion. This was also the first world championship match in which the players had seconds to help them with analysis during adjournments. In 1937 he lost the Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937) (+4 =11 -10). Their lifetime tally was +28 -20 =38 in favour of Alekhine. After Alekhine's death in 1946, Euwe was invited to contest the 1948 World Championship Match Tournament, and although he came last in that event, he continued to play in the world championship cycle until the Zurich Candidates of 1953.


He played top board for The Netherlands in seven Olympiads between 1927 to 1962, scoring 10�/15 at London 1927, 9�/13 at Stockholm 1937 to win bronze, 8/12 at Dubrovnik 1950, 7�/13 at Amsterdam 1954, 8�/11 at Munich 1958 to win silver medal (aged 57), 6�/16 at Leipzig 1960, and 4/7 in his last Olympiad at Varna in 1962. His Olympiad aggregate was 54�/87 for 62.6 per cent.

Legacy and testimonials

While he was World Champion, Euwe handed FIDE the power to organise the World Championship, apart from the return match with Alekhine that had already been agreed upon.

In 1957, while visiting the United States to study computer technology, he played two unofficial chess games in New York against Bobby Fischer, winning one and drawing the second. A couple of years later, he became director of The Netherlands Automatic Data Processing Research Centre in 1959 and from 1961 to 1963, chairman of a committee set up by Euratom to examine the feasibility of programming computers to play chess. In 1964, Euwe was appointed to a chair in an automatic information processing in Rotterdam University and, following that, at Tilburg University. He retired as professor at Tilburg in 1971. A fuller description of Euwe's non-chess career can be found at Max Euwe (kibitz #517), courtesy of <achieve>.

From 1970-1978, Euwe was a peripatetic President of FIDE, visiting more than 100 countries at his own expense, promoting chess world wide and helping add over 30 new member countries to FIDE. During his terms as FIDE President, he exercised immense diligence and effort to ensure the Match of the Century, the Spassky - Fischer World Championship Match (1972) took place. While Euwe was successful in that endeavour, similarly Herculean efforts to enable the Karpov - Fischer World Championship Match (1975) eventually foundered.

Euwe wrote over 70 chess books, including <The Road to Chess Mastery>, <Judgement and Planning in Chess>, <The Logical Approach to Chess>, and <Strategy and Tactics in Chess Play>. Many of his books are still in print, enabling several generations of good Dutch players to develop their games from reading his works. His bibliography can be gleaned from the following links at ((English); and (Dutch).

Euwe died in 1981, age 80. The Max Euwe Plein (square) (near the Leidseplein) in Amsterdam has a large chess set and statue, where the 'Max Euwe Stichting' is located in a former jailhouse. It has a Max Euwe museum and a large collection of chess books. Euwe�s granddaughter, Esm� Lammers, has written a children's book called Lang Leve de Koningin (Long live the Queen), which is a fairy tale about a young girl who learns to play chess and at the same time finds her father. Lammers filmed the story in 1995 (

� "Strategy requires thought; tactics requires observation." - Max Euwe

� "Does the general public, do even our friends the critics realize that Euwe virtually never made an unsound combination? He may, of course, occasionally fail to take account of an opponent's combination, but when he has the initiative in a tactical operation his calculation is impeccable." � Alexander Alekhine

� "He is logic personified, a genius of law and order. One would hardly call him an attacking player, yet he strides confidently into some extraordinarily complex variations." � Hans Kmoch

� "There's something wrong with that man. He's too normal." � Bobby Fischer


(1) Wikipedia article: 2nd Chess Olympiad; (2) Wikipedia article: Hastings International Chess Congress; (3) (4)

Wikipedia article: Max Euwe

Last updated: 2021-07-28 19:02:40

 page 1 of 68; games 1-25 of 1,687  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Euwe vs NN 1-0111911AmsterdamC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
2. J Davidson vs Euwe 0-1501912Simul, 30bC01 French, Exchange
3. R Wielinga vs Euwe  0-1461912Amsterdam-North HollandC00 French Defense
4. J W te Kolste vs Euwe 0-1291913VAS simulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
5. Euwe vs A A de Graaff  1-0181915NSB 2nd classC30 King's Gambit Declined
6. Euwe vs H Weenink  1-0211918VAS AmsterdamC53 Giuoco Piano
7. G Zittersteyn vs Euwe 0-1281918Arnhem-BD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
8. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½161919Amsterdam m2C29 Vienna Gambit
9. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0451919Amsterdam m1C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
10. Euwe vs G Kroone  ½-½261919Amsterdam m1D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
11. G Kroone vs Euwe 0-1351919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
12. G Kroone vs Euwe 1-0161919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
13. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0141919Amsterdam m2C56 Two Knights
14. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0201919Amsterdam m2C33 King's Gambit Accepted
15. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0431919Amsterdam m1C54 Giuoco Piano
16. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½371919Amsterdam m2A84 Dutch
17. Euwe vs G Kroone  0-1281919Amsterdam m2D34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
18. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0261919Amsterdam m1C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
19. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0451919Amsterdam m1D33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
20. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½381919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
21. Euwe vs G Kroone 0-1141919Amsterdam m1B45 Sicilian, Taimanov
22. Euwe vs W Craig 1-0261919Hastings-CC54 Giuoco Piano
23. Euwe vs B van Trotsenburg 0-1191919HaarlemC29 Vienna Gambit
24. Euwe vs J J O'Hanlon 1-0291919Hastings-CC54 Giuoco Piano
25. Euwe vs E Palmer 1-0261919Hastings-CC55 Two Knights Defense
 page 1 of 68; games 1-25 of 1,687  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Euwe wins | Euwe loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 29 OF 29 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jun-22-19  sneaky pete: I looked at several pictures in Münninghof's biography and yes, the ring is on his right hand.
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: <OhioChessFan: Either the pic is mirrored, or he wore a wedding band on his right hand>

<sneaky pete: I looked at several pictures in Münninghof's biography and yes, the ring is on his right hand.>

OK, either that isn't quite normal, or it's normal in The Netherlands.

Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: Another hypothesis is that he lost his left ring finger in an alligator attack, but I find it a rather dubious explanation.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gregor Samsa Mendel:
Jun-23-19  sneaky pete: The convention in The Netherlands is to wear an engagement ring on the right hand and a wedding ring on the left one.

Page 484 of Münninghoff's 1976 Dutch edition of his Euwe biography shows a 1976 photograph of Euwe and his wife at the dinner table. Euwe wears a ring on his right hand ring finger and Mrs. Euwe idem on the left. My theory is that, on his wedding day, Euwe discovered that he couldn't get the engagement ring off. Since there was no alligator handy to bite it off, he deciced to leave the thing there and promote it to wedding ring. Dr. Euwe was always first and foremost a practical man and not half as normal as some people claim he was.

Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: Well, keep in mind that Fischer was the one to pass the judgement.

Compared to Fischer, <most> people appear to be rather normal.

Aug-26-19  sneaky pete: For those still groping in the dark: there is no <r> in Euwe and the <eu> in his name sounds like the <oo> in room, as one can hear it pronounced in this educational video:
Sep-01-19  login:

Late noot

Modern Key piece (1936)

'Euwe was brought up a Reformed Protestant.'
Alexander Münninghoff, Max Euwe: The Biography, p.57

'Dutch Catholics wear their wedding bands on their left hand (and engagement ring right). Protestants on their right hand (and engagement ring left).' Alina, 2018

Roughly simplified

The King explains

Jul-29-20  Helios727: Would the "w" in Euwe's name be pronounced like an English "w" or an English "v" ?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: An English "w".

Google Translate does a pretty good job of pronouncing Euwe. Just translate Euwe from Dutch into another language and click on the speaker.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: < My theory is that, on his wedding day, Euwe discovered that he couldn't get the engagement ring off.>

I'm more interested in the wedding night. Did he get his rocks off?

May-21-21  Albertan: In memory of Max Euwe on the 120th anniversary of his birthday

Premium Chessgames Member
  Dionysius1: Weird to go to so much trouble to respect Euwe and then not even caption the photos you include in the article - what are you about, FIDE? That isn't the time for shoddy, incomplete work!
May-21-21  Petrosianic: <Weird to go to so much trouble to respect Euwe and then not even caption the photos you include in the article>

You might be blaming the wrong person. A lot of the time the editor handles things like that, and the author has no say in it.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Dionysius1: Fair enough - someone wasn't getting it right. Sorry FIDE if it wasn't you!
Premium Chessgames Member
  gezafan: < TheFocus: <Whoever sees no other aim in the game than that of giving checkmate to one's opponent will never become a good chess player> - Max Euwe.>

I have to say I don't understand this quote. Checkmate is the aim of the game.

Should there be more to the quote for context? Could it be something that doesn't translate well?

Premium Chessgames Member
  diceman: <gezafan: < TheFocus: <Whoever sees no other aim in the game than that of giving checkmate to one's opponent will never become a good chess player> - Max Euwe.>

I have to say I don't understand this quote. Checkmate is the aim of the game.>

This is an OTB game of mine from the 1970s.

I was rated 1500 my opponent 2100.

click for larger view

I'm White.
I'm down a rook pawn, but I was confident
I could draw this. I headed for this position because this is a well known book draw.

Believe or not, I won this game!

First mistake:

click for larger view

He loses a kingside pawn.

Second mistake:

click for larger view

He comes out with his King to help queen his pawn. This allows my King to eat his kingside.

Eventually, I sac my rook for his past pawn
and he can't stop my kingside pawns from queening.

click for larger view

I think what Euwe was saying is, chess is more than putting your Bishop on c4, your Queen of f3, and taking the f7 pawn checkmate.

You need to know how to play all aspects
of the game, you can lose anywhere, anytime.

My game was really about not understanding how to play an ending.

Jul-26-21  Z truth 000000001: Nice to see chess actually being discussed.

Of course the quote would be more understandable if we had the context.

But I think Euwe is saying that a good chess player needs a plan (and often that plan isn't to make an immediate mate).

(One can note that <dice>'s post is more about the danger of having the wrong play, i.e. promoting a pawn at any cost - imo.)

Premium Chessgames Member
  gezafan: <ron maiden: <Pawsome> I think you're also forgetting Steinitz. He was virtually the only champion in history to ever seek out his worthy challengers and take on everyone who accepted>

Steinitz deserves credit. He didn't back away from or duck anyone.

Premium Chessgames Member
  gezafan: <diceman> Congratulations on winning that endgame. It's surprising how even some highly rated players do not play the endgame well.

Euwe may have meant what you said in that quote but it's still somewhat vague. I wonder if it was taken from one of his many books.

Jul-28-21  RookFile: Euwe lost matches to Alekhine, Capablanca, Bogo (twice), and drew a match with Flohr. Then he played Alekhine for the championship and won. You have to hand it to Euwe, the man was persistent and never afraid to play anybody.
Nov-16-21  wrap99:

A nice portrait of a very young Max.

Premium Chessgames Member
  0ZeR0: <RookFile>

Yes, and at his peak he was capable of playing like the best player in the world. When you add in everything else he did for chess after his career, one is left with the impression of a venerable individual with rare character. Which makes it rather unfortunate that he always seems to be the most forgotten world champion.

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: < wrap99: A nice portrait of a very young Max.>

And a terrific article about the artist, David Friedmann. Thanks for sharing!

Nov-18-21  wrap99: <keypusher> you are welcome. i wonder if there is any earlier chess-related image of Euwe. He was 22 or so when the portrait was made almost a full century ago.
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