chessgames.com
Members · Prefs · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Alekhine 
George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress)
 
Alexander Alekhine
Number of games in database: 1,997
Years covered: 1903 to 1946
Overall record: +982 -194 =461 (74.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      360 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (156) 
    C68 C77 C62 C78 C86
 Orthodox Defense (145) 
    D51 D67 D53 D64 D52
 French Defense (101) 
    C01 C11 C13 C15 C07
 Queen's Gambit Declined (99) 
    D06 D30 D37 D31 D35
 Queen's Pawn Game (98) 
    D02 D00 A40 A46 E00
 Sicilian (85) 
    B20 B40 B30 B62 B22
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (102) 
    C77 C79 C78 C68 C71
 Queen's Pawn Game (65) 
    D02 A46 A40 A50 E10
 French Defense (59) 
    C11 C01 C12 C02 C13
 Nimzo Indian (39) 
    E33 E34 E22 E21 E30
 French (32) 
    C11 C12 C13 C00 C10
 Sicilian (31) 
    B40 B20 B24 B83 B23
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Bogoljubov vs Alekhine, 1922 0-1
   Reti vs Alekhine, 1925 0-1
   Alekhine vs Nimzowitsch, 1930 1-0
   Alekhine vs Vasic, 1931 1-0
   Alekhine vs Lasker, 1934 1-0
   Alekhine vs NN, 1915 1-0
   Capablanca vs Alekhine, 1927 0-1
   Alekhine vs O Tenner, 1911 1-0
   Alekhine vs Yates, 1922 1-0
   Gruenfeld vs Alekhine, 1923 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927)
   Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Match (1929)
   Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934)
   Alekhine - Euwe World Championship Match (1935)
   Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   All Russian Amateur (1909)
   Mannheim (1914)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   Baden-Baden (1925)
   Kecskemet (1927)
   Mexico City (1932)
   Bled (1931)
   Zurich (1934)
   San Remo (1930)
   Berne (1932)
   Scheveningen (1913)
   Semmering (1926)
   London (1922)
   Bad Pistyan (1922)
   Karlsbad (1911)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Alekhine! by amadeus
   Alekhine Favorites by chocobonbon
   My Best Games by Alexander Alekhine by LionHeart40
   Alex Alek Alex Alek Alex Alek Alex Alek by fredthebear
   My Best Games Of Chess 1924-1937 by A. Alekhine by dac1990
   Alexander Alekhine's Best Games by KingG
   World Champion Nr. 04: Alekhine by Olanovich
   Alekhine was sunk! by Calli
   simply the best- Alekhine!!! by Antiochus
   alekhine best games by brager
   Alekhine simuls, consultations & blindfolded by gauer
   Giant Play!! by Antiochus
   Alekhine 1908-1923 by Chnebelgrind
   The Greatest!! by Antiochus

GAMES ANNOTATED BY ALEKHINE: [what is this?]
   Capablanca vs Tartakower, 1924
   Reti vs Bogoljubov, 1924
   Botvinnik vs Vidmar, 1936
   Alekhine vs Botvinnik, 1936
   Alekhine vs K Junge, 1942
   >> 78 GAMES ANNOTATED BY ALEKHINE

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Alexander Alekhine
Search Google for Alexander Alekhine


ALEXANDER ALEKHINE
(born Oct-31-1892, died Mar-24-1946, 53 years old) Russia (federation/nationality France)
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]
Alexander Alexandrovich Alekhine was the fourth World Champion, reigning from 1927 to 1935, and from 1937 until his death in 1946. He is the founding inspiration for the Soviet School of Chess that came to dominate world chess after World War II.

Background

Alekhine was born in Moscow, on 31 October 1892 (October 19th on the Russian calendar). Circa 1898, he was taught the game of chess by his older brother, Alexei Alexandrovich Alekhine (1888-1939). His life and chess career were highly eventful and controversial, spiced with two World Wars, including internments by the Germans and the Soviet Cheka (by whom he was marked for execution as a spy) at either end of WWI; subjection to suasion by, and suspicions of collaboration with, the Nazis in WWII; the deaths of his brother, Alexei, in 1939 and his sister, Varvara, in 1944; four marriages; five world championship matches; alcoholism; poor health during WWII and conspicuously failed World Championship negotiations with Capablanca. His eventful life and career terminated in strange circumstances in Portugal just hours after the details of the Alekhine-Botvinnik World Championship match were finalised.

Despite – or perhaps because of this - Alekhine played some of the finest games the world has ever seen. His meticulous preparation, work ethic and dynamic style of play provided the founding inspiration for the Soviet School of Chess despite the fact that soon after he won the world title, his anti-Bolshevik commentaries marked him as an enemy of the Soviet Union until after his death.

Tournaments

1900-1910 By 1902, at the age of 10, young Alekhine was playing correspondence chess sponsored by Shakhmatnoe Obozrenie, Russia's only chess magazine at the time, and won the 16th and 17th Shakhmatnoe Obozrenie Correspondence Chess Tournaments in 1906 and 1910. In 1908, his win at the Moscow Chess Club's Spring Tournament, at the age of fifteen was followed by winning the Autumn Tournament a few months later, a feat which earned him the right to play in the All-Russian Amateur Tournament in 1909. The youngest player in the tournament at the age of sixteen, he won the event held in St. Petersburg (+12 -2 =2), thereby earning the Russian Master title and becoming acknowledged as one of Russia’s top players. His prize was a cut glass Sevres vase that was donated by Czar Nicholas II, and which became his most prized and life-long possession. The year 1910 saw Alekhine win the Moscow Chess Club Autumn and Winter Tournaments, give his first simultaneous exhibition (+15 -1 =6) and participate in the master section of the 17th German Chess Congress in Hamburg, coming equal 7th with Fyodor Ivanovich Dus Chotimirsky. Upon graduating from Polivanov Grammar School in July 1910, he enrolled in and started studying law at Moscow's Imperial University, but after a few months he transferred to the St. Petersburg School of Jurisprudence (where he eventually graduated in 1914).

1911-1920 In 1911, his success at winning some events at the Moscow Chess Club earned him the right to play Board 1 for the Moscow Chess Club in a match against the St. Petersburg Chess Club, during which he drew his game with Eugene Aleksandrovich Znosko-Borovsky. Late in 1911, he played in the 2nd International Tournament in Carlsbad and placed equal 8th, behind Richard Teichmann, Akiba Rubinstein, Carl Schlechter, Georg Rotlewi, Frank James Marshall, Aron Nimzowitsch, and Milan Vidmar. By 1912, Alekhine was the strongest chess player in the St. Petersburg Chess Society, winning the St. Petersburg Chess Club Winter Tournament in March and the 1st Category Tournament of the St. Petersburg Chess Club in April. His international successes began in 1912 when he won the 8th Nordic championship held in Stockholm with 8.5/10, 1.5 points clear of Erich Cohn, but then recorded his only minus score of his career later in 1912, when he won 7 and lost 8 games in the All Russian Masters Tournament in Vilna, placing equal 6th behind Rubinstein, Ossip Bernstein, Stefan Levitsky, Nimzovich, and Alexander Flamberg. In 1913, he tied for 1st with Grigory Levenfish in the St. Petersburg Masters Quadrangular Tournament, and then won the 40th Anniversary of the Nederlandschen Schaakbond Commemorative Tournament in Scheveningen with a score of 11.5 out of 13 ahead of a field that included David Janowski, Gyula Breyer, Fred Dewhurst Yates, Edward Lasker and Jacques Mieses. Alekhine's first major success in a Russian tournament came when placed equal first with Aron Nimzowitsch in the All-Russian Masters Tournament at St. Petersburg in early 1914; the playoff was drawn with one win each and they were declared co-winners enabling both to qualify for the 'tournament of champions' in St. Petersburg which was held a few months later. At St. Petersburg he placed 3rd behind Emanuel Lasker and Jose Raul Capablanca. This was the tournament at which Czar Nicholas II was reputed to have awarded the title of Grandmaster of Chess to the top five place getters: Lasker, Capablanca, Alekhine, Siegbert Tarrasch and Marshall. He graduated from the Emperor's College of Jurisprudence on May 16, 1914, finishing 9th in a graduating class of 46 and in July 1914, Alekhine tied for 1st with Marshall at the International Tournament in the Cafe Continental in Paris. (1)

A few weeks later, he was leading at Mannheim, Germany with nine wins, one draw and one loss, when World War I broke out and the tournament was stopped with six rounds left to play. However this did not prevent Alekhine from receiving the prize money for first place, some 1100 marks. After the declaration of war against Russia, Alekhine and other Russian players, including Efim Bogoljubov, were interned in Rastatt, Germany. After some drama, he was released several weeks later and made his way back to Russia, where he helped raise money to aid the Russian chess players who remained interned in Germany by giving simultaneous exhibitions. Soon after he won the Moscow Chess Club Championship in December 1915, his mother died after which he was posted to the Austrian front where he served in the Union of Cities (Red Cross) on as an attaché in charge of a mobile dressing station. In September, while hospitalised at the Cloisters military hospital at Tarnopol, he played five people in a blindfold display, winning all games. After leaving hospital, Alekhine returned to Moscow, where he was decorated for valour. In 1918, chess activity which had been briefly banned under the new Bolshevik regime picked up under Alexander Ilyin-Zhenevsky, the Chief Government Commissar for General Military Organization, who encouraged and organized chess activities in Russia as part of the campaign to promote culture and education in the Red Army. In 1918, Alekhine worked at the Moscow Criminal Investigation Department as an examining magistrate. In June 1919, while in Odessa, Alekhine was briefly imprisoned and marked for execution by the Cheka, as they suspected him of being a spy due to some documents that were left in his hotel room by a previous occupant. He was released, apparently because of an intercession of a Jewish chess player Yakov S Vilner, who was also the 1918 Odessa chess champion (see paragraph below concerning Alekhine’s purported anti-semitism). (2) A few months later in Moscow in January 1920, he made a clean score in the Moscow City Chess Championship with 11/11, and in October 1920, he won the first USSR Championship, his last tournament in Russia.

1921-30 Alekhine’s permanent departure from Russia in 1921 began a period of chess dominance matched only by Capablanca. Between leaving Russia in 1921 and winning the World Championship in 1927, Alekhine won or shared first prize in most of the tournaments in which he competed, including Budapest, L’Aia (in Italy), Triberg, and The Hague in 1921, Hastings and Karlsbad in 1922, the 16th British Chess Federation Congress at Portsmouth in 1923, Baden-Baden and the Five Masters Tournament in Paris in 1925, Hastings (1925-26), Birmingham, Scarborough and Buenos Aires in 1926, and Kecskemét 1927. Alekhine was 2nd or equal 2nd in the Breyer Memorial Tournament in Pistyan and at the 15th British Chess Federation Congress (known as the London victory tournament) in 1922, at Margate, Semmering, and the Dresden Chess Club 50th Year Jubilee Congress in 1926, and at New York in early 1927.

1931-38 Alekhine dominated chess for almost a decade after his title win. Tournament victories were at San Remo 1930 (+13 =2, 3½ points ahead of Nimzowitsch) and Bled 1931 (+15 =11, 5½ points ahead of Bogoljubov), London 1932, Swiss Championship in Berne in 1932, Pasadena 1932, Mexico City (=1st with Isaac Kashdan), Paris 1933, Rotterdam 1934, Swiss Championship in Zurich in 1934, and Orebro in 1935. In the eighteen months after losing the title to Max Euwe in 1935, Alekhine played in ten tournaments. His results were equal first with Paul Keres at Bad Nauheim in May 1936, first at Dresden in June 1936, second to Salomon Flohr at Poděbrady in July 1936, sixth behind Capablanca, Mikhail Botvinnik, Reuben Fine, Samuel Reshevsky, and Euwe at Nottingham in August 1936 (including his first game – which he lost - against Capablanca since the title match), third behind Euwe and Fine at Amsterdam in October 1936, equal first with Salo Landau at the Amsterdam Quadrangular, also in October 1936, first at the Hastings New Year tournament of 1936/37 ahead of Fine and Erich Eliskases, first at the Nice Quadrangular in March 1937, third behind Keres and Fine at Margate in April 1937; equal fourth with Keres, behind Flohr, Reshevsky and Vladimir Petrov, at Kemeri in June–July 1937 and equal second with Bogoljubow behind Euwe at the Bad Nauheim Quadrangular in July 1937. After regaining his title from Euwe, 1938 saw Alekhine win or come equal first at Montevideo, Margate, and Plymouth before placing =4th with Euwe and Samuel Reshevsky behind Paul Keres, Reuben Fine, and Mikhail Botvinnik, ahead of Capablanca and Flohr, at the historic might-have-been Candidates-style AVRO tournament in the Netherlands. The AVRO (meaning Algemene Verenigde Radio Omroep or General United Radio Broadcasting) tournament, the strongest tournament ever until that time, was held in Holland on November 2-27, with the top eight players in the world participating in a double-round affair. Alekhine finished ahead of Capablanca for the first time, defeating him in their second encounter. Flohr, the official FIDE-endorsed challenger to Alekhine in the next world championship match came in last place without a single win in 14 rounds.

1939-1946 Alekhine was playing first board for France in the 8th Chess Olympiad at Buenos Aires 1939 when World War II broke out in Europe and as team captain of the French team, he refused to allow his team to play Germany. Shortly after the 1939 Olympiad, Alekhine won all his games at the tournaments in Montevideo (7/7) and Caracas (10/10). Alekhine returned to Europe in January 1940 and after a short stay in Portugal, he enlisted in the French army as a sanitation officer. After the fall of France in June 1940, he fled to Marseille and tried to emigrate to America but his visa request was denied. He returned to France to protect his wife, Grace Alekhine, an American Jewess, whom the Nazis had refused an exit visa, and her French assets, a castle at Saint Aubin-le-Cauf, near Dieppe, but at the cost of agreeing to cooperate with the Nazis.

He played in no tournaments in 1940.

During World War II, Alekhine played in 16 tournaments, winning nine and sharing first place in four more. In 1941, he tied for second with Erik Ruben Lundin in the Munich 1941 chess tournament, won by Gosta Stoltz; the reception at this event was attended by Josef Goebbels and Dr. Hans Frank. Also in 1941, he tied for first with Paul Felix Schmidt at Cracow/Warsaw, and won at Madrid. In 1942, Alekhine won at Salzburg, Munich, Warsaw/Lublin/Cracow and tied for 1st with Klaus Junge at Prague, the latter having been sponsored by Germany’s Nazi Youth Association; these tournaments were organised by Alfred Ehrhardt Post, the Chief Executive of the Nazi-controlled Grossdeutscher Schachbund ("Greater Germany Chess Federation") - Keres, Bogoljubov, Gösta Stoltz, and several other strong masters in Nazi-occupied Europe also played in such events. In 1943, he drew a mini-match (+1 -1) with Bogoljubov in Warsaw, won in Prague and was equal first with Keres in Salzburg. By 1943 Alekhine was spending all his time in Spain and Portugal as the German representative to chess events. In 1944, he won a match against Ramon Rey Ardid in Zaragoza (+1 -0 =3; April 1944) and later won at Gijon when prodigy Arturo Pomar Salamanca, aged thirteen, achieved a draw, the youngest person ever to do so with a world champion in a full tournament setting, a record that stands as of 2014. After the event, Alekhine took an interest in the development of Pomar and devoted a section of his last book to him. In 1945, he won at Madrid, tied for second place with Antonio Angel Medina Garcia at Gijón behind Antonio Rico Gonzalez, won at Sabadell, tied for first with Lopez Nunez in Almeria, won in Melilla and took second in Caceres behind Francisco Lupi. Alekhine's last match was with Lupi at Estoril, Portugal near Lisbon, in January 1946 which he won (+2 -1 =1).

In the autumn of 1945, Alekhine moved to Estoril. In September, the British Chess Federation sent Alekhine an invitation to tournaments in London and Hastings. Alekhine accepted the invitations by cable from Madrid. In October, the United States Chess Federation (USCF) protested the invitation of Alekhine to the victory tournament in London. The USCF refused to take part in any projects or tournaments involving Alekhine. Protesters included Reuben Fine and Arnold Denker. In November, Alekhine was in the Canary Islands giving chess exhibitions and giving lessons to Pomar. Also in November 1945, a telegram arrived, signed by W. Hatton-Ward of the Sunday Chronicle, the paper that was organizing the victory tournament in London that, due to a protest from the United States Chess Federation, the invitations to tournaments in England had been cancelled. Shortly after, Alekhine had a heart attack. In December, Alekhine played his last tournament at Caceres, Spain.

World Championship

In November 1921, Alekhine challenged Jose Capablanca to a world championship match. A match was suggested for the United States in 1922, but neither this nor a candidate match between Alekhine and Rubinstein in March 1922 to determine a challenger took place. In August 1922, Alekhine played in the 15th British Chess Federation Congress (known as the London victory tournament). The participants of the tournament signed the so-called London agreement on August 9, 1922, which were the regulations for world championship matches, first proposed by Capablanca. Signatories included Alekhine, Capablanca, Bogoljubow, Geza Maroczy, Reti, Rubinstein, Savielly Tartakower and Vidmar. Clause one of the London Rules stated that the match to be one of six games up, drawn games not to count.

After Alekhine won a tournament at Buenos Aires in October 1926, he again challenged Capablanca. The Argentine government undertook to guarantee the finances of the match and in New York Capablanca, Alekhine, and the Argentine organizers finally reached an agreement about the world championship match. The winner would be the first person with six wins, draws not counting. Capablanca accepted the challenge and began the Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927) in Buenos Aires on September 16, 1927. All but two of the games in Buenos Aires took place behind closed doors at the Argentine Chess Club, with no spectators or photographs. The other two took place at the Jockey Club but were moved to the Argentine Chess Club due to excessive noise. (3) Assisted by superior physical and theoretical preparations for the match – including a thorough study of Capablanca’s games - Alekhine became the 4th World Chess Champion after defeating Capablanca by +6 -3 =25 in the longest title match ever played till that time. The only longer title match since then was the Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1984).

On July 29, 1929, Alekhine and Bogoljubow signed an agreement in Wiesbaden for a match. The rules differed from the London Rules (6 wins, draws not counting) with the number of maximum games limited to 30 games, but the winner still had to score at least 6 wins. The match was not played under the auspices of FIDE or the London Rules. He and Bogoljubow played the Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Match (1929) at Wiesbaden (first 8 games), Heidelberg (3 games), Berlin (6 games), The Hague, and Amsterdam from September 6 through November 12, 1929. Alekhine won with 11 wins, 9 draws, and 5 losses. In April-June, 1934 Alekhine again played and defeated Bogoljubow in the Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934) in Germany with the score of 8 wins, 15 draws and 3 losses. He then accepted a challenge from Max Euwe.

On October 3, 1935 the Alekhine - Euwe World Championship Match (1935) began in Zandvoort, with 10,000 guilders ($6,700) to go to the winner. On December 15, 1935 Euwe had won with 9 wins, 13 draws, and 8 losses. This was the first world championship match to officially have seconds to help in analysis during adjournments. Salo Landau, a Dutch Jew, was Alekhine's second and Geza Maroczy was Euwe's second. From October 5 to December 7, 1937, Alekhine played Euwe for the world championship match in various Dutch cities (The Hague, Rotterdam, Haarlem, Groningen, and Amsterdam). Alekhine won the Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937), becoming the first world champion to regain the world title in a return match, winning 10 games, drawing 11, and losing 4.

Unfinished Championship negotiations

There were two sets of unfinished negotiations that featured prominently during Alekhine’s reign: the long awaited rematch with Capablanca and the extended negotiations for a match with Botvinnik.

On December 12, 1927, in Buenos Aires after their match finished, Alekhine and Capablanca agreed to play a rematch within the next year, under the exact conditions as the first match. In 1929, after winning at Bradley Beach, New Jersey, Bradley Beach offered to host a Capablanca-Alekhine return match, but Alekhine refused and instead accepted the challenge from Efim Bogoljubow. Subsequently, Alekhine not only avoided a return match with Capablanca, but refused to play in any event that included the ex-champion. (4) Capablanca was not invited to San Remo 1930 and Bled 1931 for this reason, a situation which continued until the Nottingham tournament of 1936, after Alekhine had lost the title to Max Euwe. During this tournament, Capablanca defeated Alekhine in their individual encounter. Negotiations continued in various forms until 1940, but the rematch never occurred, despite four title matches being played in 1929, 1934, 1935 and 1937, generating bitter denunciations from Capablanca.

FIDE had tried exercising its limited power by short listing Flohr and Capablanca respectively to challenge Alekhine, but Alekhine declared that he would not be bound by FIDE’s plans. After the AVRO tournament of 1938, which had originally been intended by FIDE as a Candidate-style tournament to produce a challenger for the title, both Botvinnik and Keres issued Alekhine with challenges with Flohr's challenge probably lapsing because of his last placing at AVRO. All three negotiations were stalled or derailed by World War II. The Soviet annexation of Estonia forced Keres’ withdrawal from negotiations in favour of Botvinnik, while Capablanca died in 1942. In 1946 within hours of the Alekhine-Botvinnik match arrangements having been completed, and a venue (in Britain) for the match finally agreed to, Alekhine was found dead in Room 43 of the Estoril Hotel in Lisbon, Portugal under unsettling circumstances.

Simultaneous exhibitions

Alekhine once reminisced: "I was only 9-years old, just after the turn of the century, when I saw the great American Pillsbury play 22 boards blindfolded in Moscow.", an experience that left a very deep impression on the budding chess player.

Alekhine played many simuls during the six years leading up to his world championship match in 1927, using them as fundraisers to meet the stiff conditions Capablanca had set for the challenge. He continued to play simuls, including blindfold and match simuls throughout the 30s. In New York on April 27, 1924, Alekhine broke the world record for blindfold play when he played 26 opponents, winning 16, losing 5, and drawing 5 after twelve hours of play. He broke his own record on in early 1925 by playing 28 games blindfold simultaneously in Paris, winning 22, drawing 3, and losing 3. In the early 1930s, Alekhine travelled the world giving simultaneous exhibitions, including Hawaii, Tokyo, Manila, Singapore, Shanghai, Hong Kong, and the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) in what subsequently became known as Alekhine's Magical Mystery Tour. In 1932, Alekhine played against 300 opponents in Paris grouped in 60 teams of 5 players each, winning 37, losing 6, and drawing 17. In July 1933, Alekhine played 32 people blindfold simultaneously (again breaking his own world record) at the Century of Progress Exhibition in Chicago (World's Fair), winning 19, drawing 9, and losing 4 games in 14 hours.

Team play

Alekhine played first board for France in five Olympiads: Hamburg 1930 (+9-0=0 on their top board **), Prague 1931, Folkestone 1933, Warsaw 1935, and Buenos Aires 1939. He won the gold medal for first board in 1931 and 1933, and silver medals for first board in 1935 (Flohr winning gold) and 1939 (Capablanca winning gold). Although he didn’t win a medal in Hamburg because of insufficient games played, he won 9/9 and the brilliancy prize for the game Stahlberg vs Alekhine, 1930. His overall game score for the five Olympiads was +43 =27 -2.

Theory

Several openings and opening variations are named after Alekhine, including Alekhine's Defence. Alekhine is known for his fierce and imaginative attacking style, combined with great positional and endgame skill. He also composed some endgame studies. Alekhine wrote over twenty books on chess, mostly annotated editions of the games in a major match or tournament, plus collections of his best games between 1908 and 1937.

Personal

Alekhine was married four times, first to Russian baroness Anna von Sewergin in 1920 to legitimise their daughter Valentina, and divorced her some months later. Valentina died circa 1985 in Vienna. In 1921, he married Anneliese Ruegg, Swiss journalist, Red Cross nurse and Comintern delegate and they had a son in 1922, named after him. Young Alex Aljechin, as he came to be known, was under the guardianship of Erwin Voellmy for some years and in later years, he made regular appearances as a spectator in Dortmund until about 2005. Alekhine divorced Ruegg in 1924. In 1924, Alekhine met Nadezhda Semyenovna Fabritskaya Vasiliev, widow of the Russian General V. Vasiliev, and married her in 1925, divorcing her in 1934. In 1934, he met and married his fourth and final wife, Grace Wishaar, a wealthy US-born British citizen. Alexander and Grace Alekhine – for whom this was also her fourth marriage - remained married until he died.

His elder brother Alexey Alekhine was also a keen player.

Accusations of Anti-Semitism

Alekhine was accused of anti-Semitism following a series of articles that was published in 1941 within Nazi-occupied France in the Pariser Zeitung and in the Deutsche Schachzeitung under his by-line. In April, 1941, he tried to go to America via Lisbon, but was denied a visa apparently because of these articles. Controversy over whether they were a result of genuine collaboration, or whether he was forced to write these articles under Nazi coercion, or whether articles written by him were changed by Nazi editing for publication continues to this day. The evidence against him includes a series of articles written in his own hand that were found after his death, although the extent to which they may have been coerced is unclear. The evidence that he was not anti-semitic includes a lifetime of friendly dealings with Jewish chess players (including his second at the 1935 world championship, Salo Landau); friends, and possibly his fourth wife, Grace Alekhine to whom he was married for 14 years until his death; and Yakov Vilner who interceded on his behalf to save him from execution by the Soviet Cheka in 1918. Grace defended her late husband, asserting that he refused privileges offered by the Nazis.

Testimonials

“He played gigantic conceptions, full of outrageous and unprecedented ideas. ... he had great imagination; he could see more deeply into a situation than any other player in chess history. ... It was in the most complicated positions that Alekhine found his grandest concepts.” - <Bobby Fischer>

“Alexander Alekhine is the first luminary among the others who are still having the greatest influence on me. I like his universality, his approach to the game, his chess ideas. I am sure that the future belongs to Alekhine chess.” - <Garry Kasparov>

"He is a poet who creates a work of art out of something which would hardly inspire another man to send home a picture postcard." - <Max Euwe>

"Firstly, self-knowledge; secondly, a firm comprehension of my opponent's strength and weakness; thirdly, a higher aim – ... artistic and scientific accomplishments which accord our chess equal rank with other arts." - <Alexander Alekhine>

Notes

Alekhine also played at least 40 recorded consultation chess games including the following partnerships: Alekhine / Amateur, Alekhine / B Reilly, Alekhine / Trompowsky, Alekhine / G Esser, Alexander Alekhine / Leon Monosson, Alexander Alekhine / Efim Bogoljubov, Alekhine / Walter Oswaldo Cruz, Alekhine / O Cruz, Alekhine / Blumenfeld, Alekhine / Bernstein, Alekhine / Znosko-Borovsky, Alekhine / H Frank, Alekhine / V Rozanov, Alekhine / D N Pavlov, Alekhine / Nenarokov, Alekhine / Tselikov, Alekhine / Tereshchenk, Alekhine / Zimmerman, Alekhine / Victor Kahn, Alekhine / E Barron, Alekhine / Johannes van den Bosch, (bad chessgames.com link), Alekhine / R Wahrburg, Alekhine / Dr. Fischer, Alekhine / J Budowsky, Alekhine / Allies, & Alekhine / Koltanowski Blindfold Team.

Sources and References

(1) 1912-14 results: http://storiascacchi.altervista.org...; (2) Wikipedia article: Yakov Vilner; (3) There is correspondence between Alekhine and Capablanca that suggests that Alekhine was open to a rematch and actually accepted a challenge from Capablanca in 1930, but that it fell through because of difficulties on Capablanca's side: Max Euwe (kibitz #167). (4) Shaburov Yuri: Alexander Alekhine. The Undefeated Champion (Publisher: Moscow. 'The Voice', 1992 256pp)

- Kevin Spraggett ’s theory about Alekhine’s death: http://kevinspraggett.blogspot.com/... and http://kevinspraggett.blogspot.com/...;

- 2006 Chessbase article about Alekhine's death: http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail...;

- two Russian articles that include commentary on Alekhine's death: <1>: http://www.gambiter.ru/chess/item/1... (Russian language) - Google translation is as follows: http://translate.google.com.au/tran... and <2> http://www.kastornoe.newmail.ru/ale... (Russian language) - Google translation as follows: http://translate.google.com.au/tran...;

- Bill Wall on Alekhine:http://billwall.phpwebhosting.com/a...;

- Playlist of 29 games analysed by <Kingscrusher>: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?lis...

- Discussion about literature about Alekhine: http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/... and a list of books about Alekhine http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Wikipedia article: Alexander Alekhine , (**) Wikipedia article: World records in chess


 page 1 of 80; games 1-25 of 1,997  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. P Vinogradov vs Alekhine 1-020 1903 Shakmatnoe Obozrenie 7th corr0304C21 Center Game
2. Alekhine vs R Geish Ollisevich 1-022 1905 crC39 King's Gambit Accepted
3. Alekhine vs V Manko 1-024 1905 Shakhmatnoe Obozrenie theme 16th corrC25 Vienna
4. Alekhine vs A Andriyashev 1-030 1905 crC38 King's Gambit Accepted
5. V Manko vs Alekhine 1-033 1905 Shakhmatnoe Obozrenie theme 16th corrC52 Evans Gambit
6. V Zhukovsky vs Alekhine 0-120 1905 crC25 Vienna
7. N Urusov vs Alekhine 0-133 1905 Shakhmatnoe Obozrenie Correspondence Tournament No. 16C33 King's Gambit Accepted
8. A Giese vs Alekhine 0-129 1905 cr RUSC33 King's Gambit Accepted
9. Alekhine vs N Urusov 1-032 1905 Shakhmatnoe Obozrenie Correspondence Tournament No. 16C25 Vienna
10. Alekhine vs A Giese ½-½41 1905 16th Correspondence TournamentC33 King's Gambit Accepted
11. Alekhine vs V Zhukovsky ½-½35 1906 cr RUSC39 King's Gambit Accepted
12. Shulga vs Alekhine 0-132 1906 ?C41 Philidor Defense
13. Alekhine vs Man'ko 1-028 1906 ?C45 Scotch Game
14. Alekhine vs A Romashkevich 1-018 1906 Earl tournC20 King's Pawn Game
15. V Manko vs Alekhine 1-036 1906 Earl tourn corrC52 Evans Gambit
16. Alekhine vs Nenarokov 0-143 1907 Moscow Club AutumnD02 Queen's Pawn Game
17. Viakhirev vs Alekhine 0-136 1907 cr 1906-07C28 Vienna Game
18. Alekhine vs V Rozanov 1-042 1907 MoscowC45 Scotch Game
19. B V Lyubimov vs Alekhine ½-½39 1907 cr 1906-07C80 Ruy Lopez, Open
20. Budberg vs Alekhine 0-134 1907 Moscow Club SpringB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
21. Alekhine vs N Zubakin 0-133 1907 cr 1906-07C33 King's Gambit Accepted
22. NN vs Alekhine 0-132 1907 KislovodskB30 Sicilian
23. Alekhine vs K Isakov 1-026 1907 Moscow Club SpringC44 King's Pawn Game
24. Alekhine vs Nenarokov 1-010 1907 MoskvaD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
25. Alekhine vs NN 1-046 1907 KislovodskD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 80; games 1-25 of 1,997  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Alekhine wins | Alekhine loses  
 

from the Chessgames Store

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 129 OF 129 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Feb-29-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <So the articles appeared in their entirety before Alekhine left Paris, and his claim that he only learnt of them via their appearance in the <DSZ>, has to be untrue.>

Why? Do you think that Alekhine was reading Pariser Zeitung? I would not bet a nickel on that.

Feb-29-16  JimNorCal: So one theory is that AA was (at least partially) under duress. At best he was weak and unwilling to oppose the Nazis openly. Another theory is that he wrote freely and voluntarily. For example, perhaps he was always anti-Jew but only became open about it when immersed in Nazi society.

Are there clues in his earlier, pre-war behavior?

Feb-29-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <JimNorCal> <So one theory is that AA was (at least partially) under duress. At best he was weak and unwilling to oppose the Nazis openly. Another theory is that he wrote freely and voluntarily. For example, perhaps he was always anti-Jew but only became open about it when immersed in Nazi society.>

AA denied the authorship of those articles. And it is probable that they are fakes written by Theodor Gerbec or any other Nazi hack with some (not very deep) knowledge of chess and falsely published under Alekhine's name. And yes, everybody who fell in hands of Nazis, was "under duress". Of course, if you can describe in this way a situation, when armed criminals and mass murderers are holding you at gunpoint. AA was so fond of them that he was trying since the French capitulation in June 1940 (which catched AA in the rank of captain in the French army, to which he voluntarily mobilised when the war broke out in 1939) to get out of occupied France. But he was unable to get exit visa for himself and for his wife who had to stay in Paris all the time during German occupation.

<Are there clues in his earlier, pre-war behavior?> He definitely was no Nazi supporter (he volunteered in French army, as a captain of French team at Buenos Aires chess olympiad he refused to play the match with team of Nazi Germany etc.), and he never showed any signs of negative attitudes toward Jews. He worked closely with Salo Landau and among his close friends were Charles Jaffe or Arnold Denker.

Mar-01-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  yiotta: <<Are there clues in his earlier, pre-war behavior?><...he never showed any signs of negative attitudes toward Jews.>> I recall accounts of he (and I think Bogolyubov) behaving poorly with Rubinstein. I don't recall the details, and I think this occurred when Rubinstein's mental problems were more pronounced, so it may not have been entirely anti-Semitic; perhaps someone with a better memory than I recalls the details?
Mar-01-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <What are you talking about?>

No wonder you're confused. I'm trying to make sense of your incoherent statements.

<Did I say that Alekhine was not interviewed or photographed by newspapermen, when he was in Spain?>

You implied the interviews were faked when you claimed:

<Moreover, Germans were very capable in dissemination of their propaganda abroad. It is quite possible that these articles were just planted by them, and willingly accepted by Spaniards without Alekhine's knowledge.>

Now you appear to have backed away from that by charging that German agents based in Madrid, presumably working at the behest of the SS or SD or Gestapo in Paris or, maybe, Berlin, manipulated the journalists involved and interpolated the offending remarks.

<He had to be silent even if Spaniards would have put in his mouth something what he didn't say just because if he would not be silent, he would have put in jeopardy the life of his wife, who had to stay as a hostage in occupied France.>

Let me interrupt the mindreading act, impresive as it is. Do you really expect us to believe that the Nazi state cared so much for the propaganda value of a chess player that they would have executed his wife, a citizen of a neutral country, if he didn't play ball?

Mar-01-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <AA denied the authorship of those articles. And it is probable that they are fakes written by Theodor Gerbec or any other Nazi hack with some (not very deep) knowledge of chess and falsely published under Alekhine's name.>

Oh great. So Alekhine, whose name was on the articles, who we know was in Paris at the time, and who we know contributed chess material to the Pariser Zeitung in the early months of 1941, should be given the benefit of the doubt because he denied authorship, but poor Gerbec, whose whereabouts in 1941 are unknown, and who has no known links to the Pariser Zeitung, is probably guilty.

I think it's now my turn to ask: what the @#$% are you talking about?

Mar-01-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <MissScarlett> <<What are you talking about?>

No wonder you're confused. I'm trying to make sense of your incoherent statements.

<Did I say that Alekhine was not interviewed or photographed by newspapermen, when he was in Spain?>

You implied the interviews were faked when you claimed:

<Moreover, Germans were very capable in dissemination of their propaganda abroad. It is quite possible that these articles were just planted by them, and willingly accepted by Spaniards without Alekhine's knowledge.>

Now you appear to have backed away from that by charging that German agents based in Madrid, presumably working at the behest of the SS or SD or Gestapo in Paris or, maybe, Berlin, manipulated the journalists involved and interpolated the offending remarks.>

If you take a genuine interview and insert into it something, what was not said, or if you alter part of it in some way, then you have made a fake according to every reasonable definition of this term. In such a case whether any part of the text were genuine Alekhine's words or not doesn't matter at all. There is no incoherence in that, what I have written here. At first I was not dealing with those two Spanish articles in detail mentioning just in general common and well-known practice of Nazis to use foreign press for spreading their propaganda and spinning their talking points for influencing public opinion abroad as well as at home. If you want to try to make of it some point in polemic with me, so be it, I don't care. That Spanish press under Franco regime was heavily pro-German and pro-Nazi despite of neutrality of Spain in the war, it is a matter of fact, which makes the occurrence of two cursory mentions of articles in Pariser Zeitung and their content far less "convincing and conclusive evidence" of alleged Alekhine's guilt in this affair than the "Alekhine-was-Nazi" believers may think. And of course, without them the factual basis of evidence of alleged Alekhine's authorship of these articles would be exactly zero.

<<He had to be silent even if Spaniards would have put in his mouth something what he didn't say just because if he would not be silent, he would have put in jeopardy the life of his wife, who had to stay as a hostage in occupied France.>

Let me interrupt the mindreading act, impresive as it is. Do you really expect us to believe that the Nazi state cared so much for the propaganda value of a chess player that they would have executed his wife, a citizen of a neutral country, if he didn't play ball?>

I don't care, what you believe or not. Truth is not a matter of believe but objective knowledge based on factual evidence and logic. If you believe that the Nazi state DID NOT CARE about things like that, then you are badly uninformed of what the totalitarian Nazi state was and how it worked in reality. You can try just to answer one simple question, why German authorities in occupied France never granted exit visa for Alekhine's wife (even in 1941 before America stepped into war with Germany), if she was not a hostage for them and if AA was a willing Nazi collaborator as you are trying to suggest?

Mar-01-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <MissScarlett> Just drop it, you are clearly clueless. 'Critical Analysis' & 'Objectivity' are obviously not in your vocabulary; so do us all a favor, and move on to another forum
Mar-01-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <MissScarlett: <AA denied the authorship of those articles. And it is probable that they are fakes written by Theodor Gerbec or any other Nazi hack with some (not very deep) knowledge of chess and falsely published under Alekhine's name.>

Oh great. So Alekhine, whose name was on the articles, who we know was in Paris at the time, and who we know contributed chess material to the Pariser Zeitung in the early months of 1941, should be given the benefit of the doubt because he denied authorship, but poor Gerbec, whose whereabouts in 1941 are unknown, and who has no known links to the Pariser Zeitung, is probably guilty.>

It is not necessary to be in Paris if somebody wants to write something for a Parisien newspaper. It is true today, and surprisingly it was true back in 1941 as well. Alekhine never denied that he was sending annotated games for weekly chess column in the Pariser Zeitung, and he also admitted that he was asked to send some written material concerning chess for publication and that he did it. It should have been part of bargain on exit visa for him and for his wife, which he was trying to get since the fall of France and his demobilisation from the French army in 1940. He stated repeatedly, that he sent something and that something completely different was published under his name. Up to this moment (despite of loads of unsubstantiated nonsense published elsewhere on "discovery" of original manuscripts of articles in Alekhine's own handwriting) there is no factual evidence of his authorship of those anti-semitic articles.

As for Gerbec, his whereabouts in 1941 are not unknown. He was well-known anti-semite and a longtime member of Nazi Party NSDAP who was writing on "opportunistic" and "cowardly" Jewish chess long time before appearence of "Alekhine's articles" in Pariser Zeitung. He despised especially Reuben Fine and Salo Flohr, and one his piece published in Deutsche Schachzeitung in 1937 became internationally a cause célèbre. He was regular contributor and editor of Deutsche Schachzeitung, and in 1942 he became the chief-editor of Deutsche Schachzeitung. He derived much of his "ideas" on chess from writings of another infamous anti-semite Franz Gutmayer, whose drivels were very, very close to the content of "Alekhine's articles" in Pariser Zeitung. And to put it mildly, I have somehow a difficulty to swallow an idea that Alekhine could plagiarize Franz Gutmayer.

Mar-02-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Honza> So did the Gestapo have agents on staff at <El Alcazar> and <Informaciones> who could just toss in a few choice bits to interviews at a moment's notice? And were these agents so widely read that they could handle not just the usual stuff about Lend-Lease and Judeo-Bolshevism but were up to speed on chess journalism, too? Or did they get a cable from the Hobbies Section at HQ ordering them to insert some good words in for a couple of articles published months before?

I guess those agents were also responsible for Alekhine's comment that he couldn't play in England or the U.S. because of some articles he'd written (I wonder what articles he meant) or that he'd played an exhibition for German War Relief? And that Capablanca's supreme glory was removing <the Jew Lasker> from the chess throne?

Wouldn't it be less preposterous for Alekhine to have said what he was quoted as saying?

Mar-02-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <And of course, without them the factual basis of evidence of alleged Alekhine's authorship of these articles would be exactly zero.>

Well, no. The main factual basis for Alekhine's authorship of the articles is that they were published under his byline. The Spanish articles just give the lie to his subsequent disavowals.

Mar-02-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <keypusher> Alekhine was the World Champion, and to be the World Champion in chess back in 1930s meant that he was a celebrity, especially in Europe. Even people who never played chess knew then who he was. Today media mostly ignore chess, and for example as far as I know none Czech newspaper has any chess column now. Even matches for the title of the World Champion go usually unreported by major newspapers (which have usually very long and quite detailed sport news on eight or ten pages), and if any top chess player and even the World Champion arrives here, nobody in media cares. Some time ago I have talked with a guy who works as a sport reporter in one Czech daily, and he was quite surprised that Kasparov is not the World Champion anymore. But back then it was very different. Any international tournament was a major event covered in detail by daily press and even radio, every newspaper have had its chess column, and usually employed a fulltime chess editor. Alekhine was for Nazis a person of great interest, and they were eager to use him for their own purposes. To spin their racist theories with exploitation of Alekhine's name and authority in area of chess had to be their dream. If the articles on "Aryan and Jewish chess" would be signed by Theodor Gerbec or Franz Gutmayer, nobody would have ever cared about it, and they would have passed unnoticed and quickly forgotten. But if they would be attributed to Alekhine, the World Champion and one of best chess authors of all times, their impact should be enormous. And in lands under Nazi control these articles with Alekhine's byline were reprinted many times.

And of course, it is not necessary to have any agents in every editorial office for such a matter. It is possible to do it via staff of embassy or by any influential contact in Spain or by any person working for German Ministry of propaganda, who can use money or blackmailing to make chief-editors or redactors "collaborative". In Spain under Franco it would be easy to orchestrate.

Mar-02-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <To spin their racist theories with exploitation of Alekhine's name and authority in area of chess had to be their dream.>

I doubt it ever crossed their minds. But if it did, why not just make <El Alcazar> or <Informaciones> reprint the @#$%* articles? (Indeed, if they were reprinted <anywhere> in Spain, Alekhine didn't know about it.) Instead of going to the much greater trouble of (somehow) getting references to them planted into the middle of writeups of interviews that had taken place the day before?

I do enjoy how neatly the articles contradict much of his subsequent nonsense. E.g. his claim not to understand why he was getting such a hostile reception in the United States at the time.

<I was surprised when I received letters from Messrs Helms and Sturgis at the reaction which these articles – purely technical – had provoked in America and I replied to Mr Helms accordingly. Only when I knew what incomparably stupid lucubrations had been created in a spirit imbued with Nazi ideas did I realize what it was all about.>

He knew damn well why!

<And trips to the United States or England are out of the question; I am not in favour in those countries, as a result of some articles I wrote in the German press and some games I played in Paris during the last winter – against 40 opponents – for the German Army and Winter Relief.”>

Mar-03-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <keypusher> <I do enjoy how neatly the articles contradict much of his subsequent nonsense. E.g. his claim not to understand why he was getting such a hostile reception in the United States at the time.

<I was surprised when I received letters from Messrs Helms and Sturgis at the reaction which these articles – purely technical – had provoked in America and I replied to Mr Helms accordingly. Only when I knew what incomparably stupid lucubrations had been created in a spirit imbued with Nazi ideas did I realize what it was all about.>

He knew damn well why!

<And trips to the United States or England are out of the question; I am not in favour in those countries, as a result of some articles I wrote in the German press and some games I played in Paris during the last winter – against 40 opponents – for the German Army and Winter Relief.”>>

There is one problem with all this. Your line of argumentation is based on an untold assumption that he was familiar with content of articles published in Pariser Zeitung under his name. But that is by far not certain, and in fact it would be very unlikely, if he did not write them. Why? Well, Pariser Zeitung was a mouthpiece of occupying authorities and Nazi party in France, it was published only since 15 January, 1941, in German with just a few articles translated into French (the French edition of PZ appeared much later in 1941), and its circulation was quite limited with a number of copies not over 40,000 up the the end of 1942. Somehow I don't think that PZ was Alekhine's favourite reading to the breakfast cup of coffee, and so I don't see any reason to be sure, that - in your words - he knew damn well.

Mar-06-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <It is not necessary to be in Paris if somebody wants to write something for a Parisien newspaper. It is true today, and surprisingly it was true back in 1941 as well.>

But it makes it more unlikely. Why should editors in Paris think of Gerbec to do their dirty work? Or perhaps you think that the inspiration for the articles originated with Gerbec himself. Or was the whole affair orchestrated from the Propaganda Ministry in Berlin? In the realm of fantasy, the possibilities multiply quickly.

<Alekhine never denied that he was sending annotated games for weekly chess column in the Pariser Zeitung...>

As far as I know, he never confessed it either. He would probably have considered it an 'admission against interest'. But why are you so sure that the game annotations that appeared under Alekhine's name in the <PZ> are actually his?

<...he also admitted that he was asked to send some written material concerning chess for publication and that he did it.>

Oh, so this is why. And the subject of this material was what?

<It should have been part of bargain on exit visa for him and for his wife, which he was trying to get since the fall of France and his demobilisation from the French army in 1940.>

Are you quite sure that she, as an American citizen, needed an exit visa? After all, Paris was her home of many years, and her home was a valuable piece of property. Or perhaps simply the thought of trailing around Spain and Portugal with Alekhine didn't greatly appeal to her.

< He stated repeatedly, that he sent something and that something completely different was published under his name.>

At the risk of repeating myself, what was this material about?

< And to put it mildly, I have somehow a difficulty to swallow an idea that Alekhine could plagiarize Franz Gutmayer.>

You seem to be doing a fair job of plagiarising Pablo Moran. The association of Gerbec and Gutmayer with the <PZ> articles originates with him. Inconveniently, Gutmayer died in 1937, so Gerbec was required as the conduit. In one post, you've cast him as anti-semite, imposter and plagiarist - do you see now why the poor man elicits my sympathy?

<He despised especially Reuben Fine and Salo Flohr, and one his piece published in Deutsche Schachzeitung in 1937 became internationally a cause célèbre.>

Share with us this notorious text - no doubt, you'll find it in Moran - so we can judge for ourselves the depths of its wickedness.

<He was regular contributor and editor of Deutsche Schachzeitung, and in 1942 he became the chief-editor of Deutsche Schachzeitung.>

<Then, most interestingly to me, in April, May, and June 1941 the <Deutsche Schachzeitung> reprinted the articles from the <Niederlanden> drafts, but the editor changed a great deal of it. He corrected spelling mistakes and much more significantly, he corrected chess-related factual errors and some of "the more absurd statements," as <Whyld> puts it. The editor didn't publish the final article in the series either.>

Hypothetically speaking, do you suppose the editor of the <DSZ> in 1941 was aware that Gerbec was the author of the articles? Going by the description above, it would appear this editor didn't have a very high opinion of their propaganda value.

<There is one problem with all this. Your line of argumentation is based on an untold assumption that he was familiar with content of articles published in Pariser Zeitung under his name. But that is by far not certain, and in fact it would be very unlikely, if he did not write them.>

Firstly, if Alekhine was regularly contributing annotations to the <PZ>, it seems probable that he might be an occasional reader, at least. Secondly, you quote Alekhine to the effect that he'd submitted commissioned articles to the paper. Doesn't it follow that he'd be on the lookout for them? Thirdly, even if he happened to miss those editions of the paper, and nobody in his immediate circle knew anything of them either, what's the likelihood that Alekhine wasn't in the habit of reading the <DSZ>, one of the major chess periodicals of the world?

Mar-07-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <MissScarlett> <<Alekhine never denied that he was sending annotated games for weekly chess column in the Pariser Zeitung...>

As far as I know, he never confessed it either. He would probably have considered it an 'admission against interest'. But why are you so sure that the game annotations that appeared under Alekhine's name in the <PZ> are actually his?>

Yes, we know that. Not all Alekhine's notebooks are out of public domain:

<<<In one of his stays in Madrid during the Second World War, Alexander Alekhine gave to his Spanish guests from the Chess magazine Ajedrez Español several notebooks with dozens of commented games. The fourth World Chess Champion described his notebooks as something like "his own children" where he had achieved his "best analysis" according to the description of Ricardo Aguilera published (in Spanish) in the book Gran Ajedrez... Those handwritten notebooks include dozens of commented games mostly in German, French and English, as well as studies, problems and some opening analysis, draft letters, notes (sometimes in Russian), list of games. They cover mainly the period between Alekhine's roundtrip to South America in 1939 to participate in the Buenos Aires Olympiads and the several tournaments he played in MittelEuropa under German Nazi occupation until 1943. Before being published in Gran Ajedrez, probably most of these games were printed in chess magazines and newspapers chess columns in several countries. Three commented games in German were published in Alekhine's weekly chess column in the France-occupied German Pariser Zeitung.>>>

Source: http://alekhine-nb.blogspot.cz/

Mar-07-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <MissScarlett> <<...he also admitted that he was asked to send some written material concerning chess for publication and that he did it.>

Oh, so this is why. And the subject of this material was what?>

From Alekhine's open letter to the organizer of 1946 London tournament, W. Hatton-Ward:

<I had submitted material dealing with the necessary reconstruction of the FIDE (the International Chess Federation) and a critique, written well before 1938, of the theories of Lasker and Steinitz.>

Source: http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Mar-07-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <<It should have been part of bargain on exit visa for him and for his wife, which he was trying to get since the fall of France and his demobilisation from the French army in 1940.>

Are you quite sure that she, as an American citizen, needed an exit visa? After all, Paris was her home of many years, and her home was a valuable piece of property. Or perhaps simply the thought of trailing around Spain and Portugal with Alekhine didn't greatly appeal to her.>

Yes, it was absolutely necessary to get permission from German occupying authorities for legal leaving of occupied territory of France. Btw, the same or similar regime was applied in Vichy France.

Mar-07-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <MissScarlett><< And to put it mildly, I have somehow a difficulty to swallow an idea that Alekhine could plagiarize Franz Gutmayer.>

You seem to be doing a fair job of plagiarising Pablo Moran. The association of Gerbec and Gutmayer with the <PZ> articles originates with him. Inconveniently, Gutmayer died in 1937, so Gerbec was required as the conduit. In one post, you've cast him as anti-semite, imposter and plagiarist - do you see now why the poor man elicits my sympathy?>

I did not claim that I am author of idea that Theodor Gerbec could be behind articles in <PZ>, and moreover I have written that the articles could have been "fakes written by Theodor Gerbec or any other Nazi hack with some (not very deep) knowledge of chess". Franz Gutmayer's "gems" on chess were quite circulated in Germany, and he had more epigons among Nazis. Anti-semitism was no rarity in the past, and it was not limited only to Germans or Austrians.

Mar-11-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <As best we can determine, the interview was conducted for the BBC in 1938. We do not know who the interviewer was.>

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrH...

<THE WORLD GOES BY

[...]

Introduced by F. H. Grisewood

Among the speakers who have appeared in this series recently have been Dr. Alekhine, the World Chess Champion...>

http://genome.ch.bbc.co.uk/e11141ff...

<The World Goes By> was a radio programme that went out on Wednesday evenings, but it's not possible to determine which date in January or, perhaps, February, the episode featuring Alekhine was broadcast.

Alekhine was in England for up to 3 weeks in January, returning briefly to France, before setting off for South America, as mentioned in the interview.

Skinner @ Verhoeven: <During his stay in London, Alekhine took part in a television programme in which he talked about the last world championship match.>

The interviewer, Freddy Grisewood:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fredd...

Mar-12-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <<From Alekhine's open letter to the organizer of 1946 London tournament, W. Hatton-Ward:

<I had submitted material dealing with the necessary reconstruction of the FIDE (the International Chess Federation) and a critique, written well before 1938, of the theories of Lasker and Steinitz.>>

Did Alekhine expect people to believe that a pro-Nazi newspaper and their readers would welcome a critical appreciation of two Jews who held the world title for 35 years?

<I did not claim that I am author of idea that Theodor Gerbec could be behind articles in <PZ>, and moreover I have written that the articles could have been "fakes written by Theodor Gerbec or any other Nazi hack with some (not very deep) knowledge of chess".>

Easy come, easy go. Seems all you need to be a candidate is a) a passing knowledge of chess; b) an ability to speak German; c) that Jews are not exactly top of your Christmas card list. Hmmm, by that measure, it could even be our own <keypusher>. No, wait, the dates are all wrong. Pity, for I would've liked to see him deny it.

Mar-12-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <Did Alekhine expect people to believe that a pro-Nazi newspaper and their readers would welcome a critical appreciation of two Jews who held the world title for 35 years?>

This is quite ridiculous argument. Why Alekhine should not expect that a newspaper which took pain to have its chess column would not be interested in something focused on the development of chess thought? After all, he was the World Champion and a man who had a lot to say on this matter, and PZ was a newspaper, which circulated mostly among Wehrmacht soldiers stationed in France many of whom were interested in chess.

Mar-12-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <MissScarlett> Don't be absurd, I'm a hopeless Judeophile. You're a far more plausible candidate. Honza might even admit to authorship just to preserve Alekhine's reputation.
Apr-15-16  not not: who likes jews anyway? except of themselves and mac donalds munchers?

and even then, jews f**k up their economy every century by fiddling with books - good job it didnt end up in world war this time round

greed is good!

Apr-24-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: "Dr. Alekhine is an uncanny chess master. Many have noticed the speed and accuracy of a shortstop in getting the ball to first base for a double play. Well, that is just the way Dr.Alekhine handles the chessmen - rapidly and with deadly accuracy," - Dr. P.G. Keenev in the <Cincinnati Enquirer>.
Jump to page #   (enter # from 1 to 129)
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 129 OF 129 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No posting personal information of members.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.


NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!


home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | advertising | contact us
Copyright 2001-2016, Chessgames Services LLC
Web design & database development by 20/20 Technologies